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Publisher TOR DAVIES BSc (Hons) Editor BOB BRAMAH MSMA, MCSP Art editor DEBBIE ASHER Advertising manager PAUL HARRIS +44 (0)845 652 1906 Subscriptions SANDRA GREATOREX +44 (0)845 652 1906



Steve Aspinall BSc (BASRaT), MSc Paula Clayton MSMA, MCSP Steven Cluney MSMA Dr Marco

PhD, MSc, BSc

Cardinale Dave Clark MSc, BSc (Med Hons), BPE Dip SST

Stuart Hinds

Brad Hiskins BSc, Dip SST Ian Jeffrey


BA (Hons), MSc, PGCE, CSCS

Michael Nichol BSc (BASRaT) Joan Watt

Dr Greg Whyte PhD, BSc (Hons) Welcome to the

to the Summer edition of sportEX dynamics.

The “form, norm, storm, perform”

model of group development was first proposed by Bruce Tuckman in 1965. It is a good template of performance that has survived the test of time. Tuckman maintained that the phases are all necessary and inevitable in order for a team to grow and eventually deliver results. The Sports Massage Association (SMA), whose members receive sportEX dynamics as part of their membership package, has recently been through three stages. It has emerged with new faces on its board and a new membership partner in Fitpro, one of the most respected organisations within the fitness industry. The SMA is now in the “perform” stage and, in the lead-up to London 2012, it is time for its members to put the past behind them, recognise that they have been through a common team-forming experience and reach for new heights.

is published by Centor Publishing Ltd 88 Nelson Road Wimbledon, SW19 1HX

Tel: +44 (0)845 652 1906 Fax: +44 (0)845 652 1907


THE SPORTEX RANGE sportEX medicine - ISSN 1471-8138. Written specifically for

professionals working in the field of soft-tissue injury and rehabilitation - personal annual subscription £35, practice subscription £99

sportEX health formerly known as healthEX specialist - ISSN 1471- 8154. For people working in the physical activity

health promotion sector, health

and fitness industry as well as in primary care and occupational health - annual subscription £35 for individuals, £60 for departments

In membership organisations such as the SMA, all the members are part of the team and need to contribute to its success. It’s no good leaving everything to a few people and complaining if they do things that you don’t agree with. Roll your sleeves up, get your hands dirty and get involved. It’s the same with the contents of this magazine. We provide articles that we hope will be of interest to our readers, but we also want you, the readers, to contribute, which is why in this and the past couple of editions we have included articles sent in by sportEX dynamics readers. So, whether we are talking about your membership organisation or the publications you read, be proactive. If you want to do something or read about a particular topic, go and do it. Get involved!

Bob Bramah, MSMA, MCSP

CONTENTS 4Journal watch

the benefits of massage A look at some of the latest research

7Athletes, the immune system and 11Tibialis posterior dysfunction

Research suggests that massage can affect hormones, particularly the regulation of cortisol

Failure to treat this tendon can cause long-

term problems. This article discusses anatomy, diagnosis and treatment


While every effort has been made to ensure that all information and data in this magazine is correct and compatible with national standards generally accepted at the time of publication, this magazine and any articles published in it are intended as general guidance and information for use by healthcare professionals only, and should not be relied upon as a basis for planning individual medical care or as a substitute for specialist medical advice in each individual case. To the extent permissible by law, the publisher, editors and contributors to this magazine accept no liability to any person for any loss, injury or damage howsoever incurred (including by negligence) as a consequence, whether directly or indirectly, of the use by any person of any of the contents of the magazine.

Copyright subsists in all material in the publication. Centor Publishing Limited consents to certain features contained in this magazine marked (*) being copied for personal use or information only (including distribution to appropriate patients) provided a full reference to the source is shown. No other unauthorised reproduction, transmission or storage in any electronic retrieval system is permitted of any material contained in this publication in any form.

The publishers give no endorsement for and accept no liability (howsoever arising) in connection with the supply or use of any goods or services purchased as a result of any advertisement appearing in this magazine. 3

14Body Image: instrument or 18 Sport and exercise science


The effect the therapist can have on a client’s view of their own body


How sport and exercise undergraduates apply scientific principles and how they use poster presentations to provide this information

24 Body composition body composition A review of the methods for measuring

excellence sports

promoting in


activity health

promoting HIGHLIGHTS for

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