This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
The U.S. Navy's first successful


submarine, the Holland, was launched in Elizabethport, New Jersey, May 1897.


The last wooden whaling ship to be


built in the U.S. was the Viola, launched in Essex, Massachusetts in June 1910.


Thomas Paine, author of The Rights of


Man and Common Sense, was formerly a ship rigger.


When William Pinckney returned


to Boston in June 1992 aboard the yacht Commitment, be became the first African American to circumnavigate the globe solo.


Among colorful sailors' expressions


from the mid-to-late 19th century: A hen frigate - a ship with the captain's wife aboard.


Togged to the nines — decked out in


formal attire. Swear through a nine-inch plank —


Stand by a lie to the end. Across


1 Q in a radio transmission 4 Crashes down hard on the waves 8 A big ___ 9 Slender, light racing boats 11 Kind of mate 13 Old record 15 Weight measurement 16 Catalogue of tables showing the location of celestial bodies at specific moments of time


19 Former lover 21 Motor vessel, for short 22 Inward facing surfaces of anchor flukes


23 Big fish pursuer 26 Push a boat away from the dock (two words)


28 Chart 31 Sides of the ship raised above deck level


33 Adjust the sails 35 Go head __ head 36 Dead on arrival, for short 38 Chef's measurement


MARITIME TRIVIA BY BRYAN HENRY Over the last 500 million years, global


sea levels have fluctuated by more than 1,000 feet. About 120,000 years ago, sea level was about 25 to 30 feet higher than it is today, and 18,000 years ago it was about 400 feet below the current level.


Parts of the eastern coast of England


are eroding by up to six feet a year, the highest rate in Europe.


About 85 percent of the California


coast is actively eroding. Red seaweeds have long been used


for making jellies, and in the food industry for preserving meats and fish.


Coconut palm trees can live as long


as 100 years, a mature tree producing 50-75 coconuts a year.


The California sea lion uses its nose as bait to lure sea gulls.


Some icebergs are as tall as a 25-story building.


Nine-tenths of an iceberg is under water. On September 1, 1985, Dr. Robert


Ballard discovered the Titanic wreck, using his submersible named Argo.


The largest aircraft carriers require 6,000 poeple to crew.


Nautical Crossword           


  


    


   


 


39 Decays 40 Bottomless gulfs


Down


1 Braided pigtail of a seaman's hair 2 Describing small boat construction in which thin laminations afford the vessel great strength


3 Erode         


4 Mathematical forumla 5 Away from the direction of the wind


     


6 Star or pole? 7 High tech navigation system 10 Observe 12 Thus 14 Fore part of a ship 17 Top of the mast 18 Veteran sailor (two words) 20 Very large size of clothing 21 Goes with Mrs. 22 Lead weight at the end of a sounding line


24 Attempts 25 Boats that carry cargo where the captain can find work


27 Main hull of a catamaran 29 ____ pilot 30 Work out, a course for example 32 Use oars 34 Any doctrine 37 Letters for a seamen


solution on page 98 48° NORTH, JANUARY 2011 PAGE 35 Small, flat icebergs have been fitted


with sails and piloted from the Antarctic to Peru and Chile.


At the University of California's Joseph


M. Long Marine Laboratory, sea lions have been taught to videotape gray whales.


An iceberg once floated as far south as the latitude of northern Florida.


Lowtide While feeding amongst jagged coral


reefs, porpoises sometimes cover their noses with face masks they fashion out of sponges.


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114