DRIVES, CONTROLS & MOTORS FEATURE IE4 and IE5 motors: A simple way to reduce emissions

With increasing evidence indicating global warming, perhaps industry should be accelerating its adoption of the best of currently available energy efficient technologies? With regards to electric motors, a Draft ISC Revision published in July 2018

required the use of IE3 standard motors (0.75 to 1000kW) from January 2020. Yet motors achieving IE4 and IE5 efficiencies have been available for years and have been proven in the field, particularly for continuously running items such as compressors, fans, pumps, lifts, escalators and conveyors. Increasingly, industry is adopting these IE4 and IE5 motors, with many industrial machinery manufacturers now incorporating them as part of original equipment. The attraction is clear

when some in the market claim energy savings of up to 20%. With increased efficiency of this level, the minimal additional cost incurred from specifying IE4 or IE5 motors could be recovered rapidly, followed by on-going savings potentially amounting to thousands of pounds a year, depending on motor usage. It could be considered as a ‘win-win’ situation with the end user reducing costs, lowering emissions and benefitting from a significantly more efficient system. HVAC systems could benefit considerably from the use of IE4 and IE5

motors as many operations require continuously running motors. By incorporating elements that are ideal for these motors – compressors, pumps and fans – energy savings (and reduced costs) would soon mount up.

Typically, IE4 and IE5 motors are based upon permanent magnet

motor technology, which provides additional benefits: weight reduction can be up to 50%, whilst a motor can be two frame sizes smaller than the standard asynchronous alternative. These features in turn potentially result in the need for less robust mountings and fixings, further reducing the weight and size of the installation. Amongst these permanent magnet high efficiency motors are versions developed specifically for large diameter fans and lifts – commercial and domestic. The motors designed specifically for large ceiling fans (up to 7m) are typically employed in auditoriums, shopping malls,

airports and sports arenas. They eliminate the need for gearboxes, can reduce energy consumption by

up to 50% and minimise operating noise. As well as offering energy efficiency, permanent magnet motors

for lifts are designed to eliminate the space and high maintenance challenges of conventional electric motor/gearbox and hydraulic systems. Depending upon elevator load, these gearless motors are said to provide energy savings of between 45 and 70%. Furthermore, due to their compact design, smaller sheaves and light

weight, they can be installed in the lift shaft without impeding lift car travel, thereby eliminating the need for a machine room and enabling buildings to take lifts to an additional floor.

Lafert Electric Motors T: 01270 270022




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