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EXPLORE


IGUAZU FALLS (ABOVE) Also in South America, Iguazu Falls is


an extensive series of waterfalls along a 2,7km stretch of escarpment on the Argentinian-Brazilian border. The spectacular waterfall system consists of 275 falls along the Iguazu River and was declared a Unesco World Heritage site in 1984.


ANGEL FALLS (LEFT) Angel Falls in Venezuela is the highest


uninterrupted waterfall in the world, with a height of 979m and a drop of 807m. Set deep within Venezuela’s Canaima National Park, a wilderness spanning three million hectares on the country’s borders with Brazil and Guyana, the waterfall’s so high that at warmer times of the year, the water turns into mist before reaching the river below.


KAIETEUR FALLS Kaieteur Falls is located on the


Potaro River in the centre of Guyana’s rainforest. It’s the world’s largest single-drop waterfall by dint of the sheer volume of water rushing over it. While many falls have greater height, few have this combination of height and water volume. The waterfall is a major tourist attraction.


TYPES OF WATERFALLS Waterfalls are classified into


10 different types, depending on the way they descend: • Plunge: Water descends vertically, losing contact with the bedrock surface.


• Horsetail: Descending water maintains some contact with bedrock.


• Cataract: A large, powerful waterfall. • Multi-step: A series of waterfalls one after another of roughly the same size, each with its own sunken plunge pool.


• Block: Water descends from a relatively wide stream or river.


• Cascade: Water falls down a series of rock steps.


• Segmented: Distinctly separate flows of water form as it descends.


• Tiered: Water drops in a series of distinct, separate falls.


• Punchbowl: Water descends in a constricted form and then spreads out in a wider pool.


• Fan: Water spreads horizontally as it descends, while remaining in contact with bedrock.


Source: http://justfunfacts.com/ interesting-facts-about-waterfalls


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