NEWS ▶▶▶ Growth in global plant breeding

The global plant breeding and CRISPR plants market is projected to grow from USD 7.57 bil- lion in 2018 to USD 14.55 billion by 2023, says B2B research company MarketsandMarkets. They say that the growth of the market is ex- pected to be boosted by the hybrid and molec- ular breeding methods. Industry experts say that plant breeding techniques are projected to grow by more than 20% in the next five years across developing nations while the CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of the plant breeding and CRISPR plants market is projected to be 13.95% from 2018 to 2023. Since the time of the breeding process is reduced significantly, the cost of the breeding procedure is also re- duced. The benefits for end-user farmers range from low production cost to higher yield and specific selection for trait improvement to low- er post-harvest losses, according to the report. The benefits for end-user farmers range from low production cost to higher yield and specific selection for trait improvement to lower post-harvest losses. Regulations on GM crops and CRISPR editing in Europe have been a ma-

Successful Feed Regulators Meeting

Feed regulators and industry from around the world discussed critical issues with Interna- tional Feed Industry Federation (IFIF) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) at the 12th

International Feed Regulators Meet-

The US and Europe are leading in plant breeding.

jor restraining factor for the growth of this mar- ket, as the genetic engineering and genome editing methods have become much focused in the Americas. The report naames Bayer (Ger- many), Syngenta (Switzerland), DowDuPont (US), KWS SAAT (Germany), Limagrain (France), and DLF Trifolium (Denmark) as one of the key players. The presence of these key companies and the strong research base for plant breeding in countries such as the US, France, UK, the Netherlands, and Germany had supported the dominance of North America and Europe in the global market.

Factors influencing bite mass of cows

Ensuring a high feed intake in dairy cows is an important topic to make sure the high-per- forming animal ingests enough energy and protein for maintenance and production. For grazing animals, the uptake of forages like grass is difficult to measure. For this and over- all useful for practical pasture management, the bite mass (BM) has been developed as a main parameter determining intake, produc- tion level and efficiency for grazing ruminants. Bite mass is classically considered as the cen- tral variable of feeding behaviour in determin- ing the dry matter intake by grazing rumi- nants and used in models for predicting forage uptake and performance. The main components of BM for grazing ruminants are bite depth, bite area and bite volume. Al- though many studies have been done, still some knowledge gaps exists on what the main determinants of BM are. For example: what is the effect of sward length on BM. To progress on this topic, researchers from INRA performed a meta-analysis of a large set of

96 publications and published their findings in Animal Feed Science and Technology. They found that sward height is a key factor of BM through its strong and almost linear influence on bite depth and bite volume. The effect was less for herbage mass/ha. Herbage bulk densi- ty (HBD) is also an influencing factor, notably at low HBD. Among the animal factors consid- ered, body weight was the most important factor of bite mass variation, as already stressed in previous publications. The Incisor Arcade is another important animal factor for both bite diameter and bite mass. The re- searchers conclude that this analysis of the various factors of variation in bite mass and its components facilitates the understanding of the adaptive strategies of the animals. The re- searchers conclude by saying that the current challenge is now to develop a mechanistic model based on most of the equations pro- posed in this quantitative analysis by integrat- ing effects of sward and of animal characteris- tics on ingestive behaviour.

ing (IFRM) in Bangkok, Thailand. “This meet- ing proved to be an important opportunity for the global animal feed industry and feed regulators to discuss key issues for the feed and food chain, including Codex Alimentarius’ work relevant to feed and programmes for ca- pacity development for feed safety,” said Al- exandra de Athayde, IFIF executive director. Other topics discussed included AMR, feed safety risk assessment and carry-over of resi- dues of veterinary drugs from feed to food, as well as a session on the work of the Interna- tional Cooperation for Convergence of Tech- nical Requirements for the Assessment of Feed Ingredients (ICCF), which aims for con- vergence of technical requirements specific to feed additive/ingredient authorisation across regions.

FAO and Iceland partner on aqua

The FAO and the Government of Iceland will work closely together to support the long- term conservation of living marine ecosystems and to unlock the potential of the world’s ma- rine and freshwater ecosystems. The partner- ship includes financial and technical support to ongoing institutions and initiatives includ- ing the Port State Measures Agreement and to reduce the quantity of discarded fishing gear in the world’s oceans. The three-year agree- ment lasts through 2022.

More work is done on living marine ecosys- tems.

▶ ALL ABOUT FEED | Volume 27, No. 3, 2019 33



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