leach into the water. While it is unclear how many of these chemicals actually

do leach from the plastic into the water, numerous scientific studies have shown that some definitely can. They include form- aldehyde, acetaldehyde and antimony. What’s more, an EWG review

PET plastics contain dozens of chemical that can potentially leach into your water

of the Food and Drug Administra- tion’s approval process for food packaging ingredients shows that chemical additives in PET plastics receive only a cursory toxicologi- cal evaluation. The FDA review process was designed to minimize

the length and intensity of administrative review. In practice, this has resulted in widespread use of numerous food-packaging substances that have never received a thorough toxicological assessment. Think you might be able to find out on your own exactly

what chemicals are in the plastic of that bottle you bought, so you can do your own evaluation (if you’re a fellow science geek)? You’re out of luck there, too. Manufacturers don’t reveal what ingredients are in their packaging and FDA doesn’t require it, leaving consumers to wonder what additives end up in their food and beverages.

Toxic Tuesday:

Purity Not Guaranteed Contrary to the image of purity advertised by the bottled

water industry, bottled water may contain a lot more than simply H2O.

Testing commissioned by

Bottled water may contain a lot more than just H20

Environmental Working Group in 2008 found 38 pollutants in 10 brands of bottled water, including disinfection byproducts, indus- trial chemicals, radioactivity and bacteria. Some of the chemicals

detected have been linked to health effects, including cancer and methemoglobinemia (blue baby syndrome). Two of the brands tested even bore the chemical signature of municipal tap water, meaning that they were chemically indistinguishable from what comes from the faucet. Unlike water utilities, which must test their water regularly

and provide the results to consumers once a year, the bottled water industry rarely discloses the results of contaminant testing it conducts. Instead, the industry hides behind the claim that bottled water is held to the same safety standards as tap water. But promotional campaigns saturated with images of mountain springs and prices 1,900 times the cost of tap water lead consum- ers to believe that they’re buying a product that is much purer than the water that comes out of a garden hose. EWG isn’t alone in finding that bottled water contains po-

tentially harmful contaminants. In 2008, scientists at Texas Southern University evaluated 35 brands of bottled water and found that four were contaminated with bacteria. In 1999, the Natural Resources Defense Council tested 103 bottled waters and detected potentially worrisome contaminants, including microbes and regulated chemicals, in about half. These tests strongly indicate that the purity of bottled water

cannot be trusted. Given the industry’s refusal to make available data to support its claims, consumers have little reason to be confident of the purity of bottled water.

No Waste Wednesday:

Be Part of the Plastics Pollution Solution According to the International Bottled Water Association,

consumption of bottled water in the US continues to rise – from 9.1 billion gallons in 2011 to 9.67 billion in 2012. Americans drink more than 73 billion half-liter bottles of water a year. That’s enough to circle the globe more than 370 times! Where do all these bottles end up?

The Environmental Protection About 70% of

PET bottles contribute to the glut of plastic trash that clogs our landfills and pollutes our environment

Agency estimates that only 29 percent of PET bottles and jars were recycled in 2011. This means that 71 percent contributed to the glut of plastic trash that clogs landfills and pollutes waterways. Oceana, an international organi- zation focused on ocean conser-

vation, has calculated that as much as 1.6 billion pounds of plastic ends up in the seas every year, posing a threat to marine life. The Plastic Pollution Coalition has been raising awareness about the disgusting Great Pacific Garbage Patch, but the problem continues to grow – thanks in part to the continuing popularity of bottled water. And plastic pollution isn’t the only waste that bottled water

generates; it also wastes energy, water and taxpayers’ dollars! The Pacific Institute calculates that producing the water-filled bottles that Americans buy required the equivalent of more than

causes any STRUCTURE to break down Pain

Numbness/Tingling Dizziness Arthritis Headaches

The body’s foundation is the head and

starts to break down.

Logical. Simple.


Triad Upper Cervical Clinic 432A W. Mountain St.,


336.992.2536 M. Chad McIntyre, D.C. offers Orientation Classes at his office twice per month


upper cervical spine. When it shifts out of balance, the body

Ignoring the FOUNDATION

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