ELM Edge

The Role of Gender in Mental Health and

Substance Use Disorders “When we deny the story, it defines us.

When we own the story, we can write a brave new ending.” - Brene Brown

genders through different lenses. Think about it. Boys are taught from an early age, don’t show your emotions; don’t cry. For girls, the message is very differ- ent – it’s okay and even desirable to be sensitive and open with your feelings.


Women are often seen in families as the caregivers, the one who will solve our problems or be available to share our feelings and open up with. Men are viewed as the decision makers and the per- son in charge. What happens when there is a breakdown in stability or unhealthy relationship patterns? How does this change when there is history of substance use or mental illness in a family?

Everyone experiences addiction and recovery differently. Combining the benefits of

Maine grown organic hemp CBD with the supportive properties of the plants found in the natural world around us

ELM Readers can enjoy 15% off using code HEMPHEALS15 at checkout.

No two people’s stories are the same. In addition to personal dif- ferences, addiction also affects each gender in a different way. The struggles and challenges that women face are not necessarily the same as those that men face. Women turn to alcohol or drugs to feel more comfortable in social settings and situations related to relation- ships. As a result, women often experience significant shame, stigma and difficulty accessing appropriate treatment. For mothers this is further magnified. For men, the allure of substances tends to lead to a desire to escape uncomfortable feelings or relationships. Men face increased financial instabilities, homelessness, trauma and incar- ceration due to their mental health and substance use.

Research has found that self-image, relationships, sexuality and spirituality are connected with gender and addiction and all are experienced differently by men and women pursuing recovery. At Crossroads, treatment programs for women and men are sepa- rate to create a more welcoming, non-judgmental environment where discussion and healing can take place. Women are seen by female clinicians and men are scheduled with male clinicians.

Mindful Earth Herbals Kelly Benson • 617.699.3963 Instagram: @mindfulearthME

Recovery from substance use or mental health disorders is an ongoing process. Engaging in gender-responsive behavioral health treatment services can support men and women in maintaining their recovery. Clients are immersed in a customized program that fits their individual needs and participate in counseling with others of the same gender to create a safer and more comfortable envi- ronment with a focus on building healthy relationships in recovery. At Crossroads, we work with each client to help them discover who they wanted to be and return to their families healthy, en- gaged and prepared to continue their recovery journey.

Dr. Roy is the Chief Clinical Officer for Crossroads. Since 1974, Crossroads has provided residential treatment services for women struggling with substance use disorder. Located in Greater Port- land, Crossroads provides gender-responsive addiction and behavioral health treatment services for men, women and families struggling with mental health, substance use and eating disorders in a safe and respectful environment. Visit us at or call 207.773.9931 to learn more. See ad on back cover. 9

hen we talk about men and women and their roles in society, we often look at the

Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36