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Passion Islam I May 2009 SPECIAL FEATURE I 19
a stack, and then you see the rain charged. These negative charges Although there are large waves,
come out of it. [Noble Quran 24:43] are then discharged to the ground as strong currents, and tides in these
lightning. [Meteorology Today p. 437] seas, they do not mix or transgress
Meteorologists have only recently This information on lightning was this barrier.
come to know these details of cloud discovered recently. Until 1,600 A.D., The Holy Quran mentioned
formation, structure, and function by Aristotle’s ideas on meteorology that there is a barrier between two
using advanced equipment like planes, were dominant in the non-Muslim seas that meet and that they do not
satellites, computers, balloons, and countries. For example, he said that transgress. God said:
other equipment to study wind and the atmosphere contains two kinds
its direction, to measure humidity and of exhalation, moist and dry. He also He has let free the two seas meeting
its variations, and to determine the said that thunder is the sound of the to gather. There is a barrier between
levels and variations of atmospheric collision of the dry exhalation with the them. They do not transgress.
pressure. neighboring clouds, and lightning is [Noble Quran 55:19-20]
The preceding verse, after the inflaming and burning of the dry
mentioning clouds and rain, Quran exhalation with a thin and faint fire. But when the Quran speaks about
speaks about hail and lightning: [Works of Aristotle Translated into the divider between fresh and salt
English pp. 369 a&b] water, it mentions the existence of “a
... And He sends down hail from forbidding partition” with the barrier.
mountains (clouds) in the sky, and He These are some of the ideas on
strikes with it whomever He wills, and meteorology that were dominant at God said in the Quran: He is the one
turns it from whomever He wills. The the time of the Quran’s revelation, who has let free the two bodies of
vivid flash of its lightning nearly blinds fourteen hundred years ago. flowing water, one sweet and palatable,
the sight.[Noble Quran 24:43] Let us now bring our gaze a bit and the other salty and bitter. And He
closer to earth. Consider the mountains has made between them a barrier and
Meteorologists have found that these and their majesty. Is there anything a forbidding partition.[Noble Quran
cumulonimbus clouds, that shower about these massive formations that 25:53]
hail, reach a height of 25,000 to 30,000 may give us a clue as to the origin of
ft. (4.7 to 5.7 miles) like mountains, as creation? On may ask, why did the Quran
the Quran says; mention the partition when speaking
Quran in the Sea and River about the divider between fresh and
...And He sends down hail from salt water, but did not mention it when
mountains (clouds) in the sky...[Noble Modern Science has discovered that speaking about the divider between
Quran 24:43] in the places where two different seas the two seas?
meet, there is a barrier between them. Modern science has discovered
Now this verse may raise the question: This barrier divides the two seas so that in estuaries, where fresh (sweet)
“Why does the verse say “its lightning” that each sea has its own temperature, and salt water meet, the situation
while referring to hail? This seems to salinity, and density. is somewhat different from what is
indicate that hail is a major factor in [Principles of Oceanography - Davis, found in places where two seas meet.
producing lightning. Looking to a book pp. 92-93] It has been discovered that what
on the subject (Meteorology Today) For example, Mediterranean Sea distinguishes fresh water from salt
we find that it says: water is warm, saline and less dense, water in estuaries is a “pycnocline zone
Clouds become electrified as hail compared to Atlantic Ocean water. with a marked density discontinuity
falls through a region in the cloud When Mediterranean Sea water enters separating the two layers.”
of super cooled droplets and ice the Atlantic over the Gibraltar sill, it [Oceanography p. 242]
crystals. As liquid droplets collide with moves several hundred kilometers into This partition (zone of separation)
the hail they freeze on contact and the Atlantic at a depth of about 1,000 has a different salinity from the fresh
release latent heat. This keeps the meters with its own warm, saline and water and from the salt water
surface of the hail warmer than that less dense characteristics. [Oceanography p. 244 and Introductory
of the surrounding ice crystals. When The Mediterranean water stabilizes at Oceanography pp. 300-301]
the hail comes in contact with an ice this depth. [Principles of Oceanography This information has been
crystal, an important phenomenon p. 93] discovered only recently using
occurs: electrons flow from the colder The Mediterranean Sea water as advanced equipment to measure
object toward the warmer object. So, it enters the Atlantic over the Gibraltar temperature, salinity, density, oxygen
the hail becomes negatively charged. sill with its own warm, saline and less dissolubility, etc. The human eye
The same effect occurs when super dense characteristics, because of the cannot see the difference between the
cooled droplets come in contact with barrier that distinguishes between two seas that meet, rather the two seas
a piece of hail and tiny splinters of them. Temperatures are in degrees appear to us as one homogeneous
positively charged ice break off. These Celsius (C). sea. Likewise the human eye cannot
lighter, positively charged particles Even in depths (indicated here by see the division of water in estuaries
are then carried to the upper part of darker colors) up to 1,400 meters and into the three kinds: the fresh water,
the cloud by updrafts. The hail, left at distances ranging from a minus - the salt water, the partition (zone of
with a negative charge, falls toward 100 to +2,500 meters, we find that separation).
the bottom of the cloud, so the lower both bodies of water maintain their
part of the cloud becomes negatively individual temperatures and salinity.
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