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that comes in community banks that you don’t see in some of the big banks.” Susan Still, president and CEO of


Roanoke-based HomeTown Bank, says the recession “really caused a renaissance for community banking, because all of the sudden the folks that were banking at the larger banks realized they had a choice.” And when they had a choice, some


community banks picked up busi- ness. Bob Aston, chairman and CEO of TowneBank in Portsmouth, says the retreat of larger banks from some portfolios “actually made some of those years during the downturn some of our best years.” Big banks may have hurt themselves, he says, because their good customers would just go to another lender, leaving some banks “stuck with those who couldn’t pay. So at the end of the day, my view is they may have reduced the size of the portfolio, but the risk profile of that portfolio probably went up in the process because it was the better customer that could exit.” Those dynamics have given way,


— came up during a recent roundtable discussion among community bank lead- ers hosted by Virginia Business. (See edited transcript on Page 26.) The personal touch of community banks is still a core value. Billy Beale, president and CEO of Union Bankshares Corp. in Richmond, says customers like dealing with the familiar faces they know at a community bank. “The person that a client had 10 years ago is probably the same person today and likely the one they’ll have five years from now,” he says. Plus, community banks stuck


around when the economy slumped, Beale says. “After this downturn, there are many of our clients who saw the big banks exit lines of business while we stood in there and continued to finance homebuilders,” he says. “We continued to finance others that were out of favor, and so I think there is more of a steadiness


though, to the changes that mobile bank- ing is having on big and small banks. Those changes suggest that the personal touch that community banks provide isn’t enough. Bank of America, for example, has been selling off hundreds of branches as it turns toward a mobile- banking market. Cherry sees that kind of move by bigger banks as evidence that branch-based banking isn’t where the growth is. Before its recent merger with Glenn


Allen-based First Capital Bancorp, Cherry says, Park Sterling tried an experiment. It announced a money mar- ket account with a generous 1.36 annual percentage yield. Some said the bank was paying too much, but Cherry notes the offer attracted about $60 million in deposits in just a few months without adding any new bank branches. He says one of his bank branches


typically has about $35 million in depos- its, adding that a new branch requires four to five years to reach that level. What’s more, Cherry says, mobile


banking is filling in the gap for custom- ers in rural areas. They might have seen their local branch close and have to travel a long way to reach the closest one.


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“The truth of the matter is they’re being served better,” he says. Mobile banking can go anywhere customers are. Recently a customer who spends part of the year in Naples, Fla., asked whether there was a branch there. Cherry said use your smartphone. What about cash withdraw- als? Use any ATM and we’ll pay the interchange fee, Cherry told him. This is what community banks need


to do to capture customers who will gravitate toward mobile banking. “I think the key is letting people know we’re part of that,” Cherry says. Banks of every size need custom-


ers to trust them, and keeping up with cybersecurity is a big deal. Bill Ridenour, president and CAO for John Marshall Bank in Reston, says it recently com- pleted a conversion to a new security sys- tem “and it was a big investment … it was hundreds and hundreds of thousands of dollars.” The process took more than a year, with everything from making sure vendors are compliant with cybersecurity protocol to training staff and educating customers. Still, with HomeTown Bank, says her bank even sets up small tests for its board members to make sure they know how to avoid exposing the bank to hackers who come in through emails or web links. Banks may have it a bit tougher


than other businesses in that they’re handling so many money transactions. Gary Shook, president and CEO of Middleburg Bank in Middleburg, says customers still want the best of both worlds. “They want to press the button and say, ‘Go,’ and we’re trying to protect them in the process,” he says. Ridenour agrees. “Regardless of how


the breach occurs, you know, the cus- tomer is going to look to the bank and even if they created the breach they’re going to say, ‘Well, you know it was your system.’ So it is a public relations issue that we wrestle with every day.” With interest rates so low — in


mid-June the Federal Reserve held steady on its benchmark interest rate — banks of every size are chasing the growth and profit they can find. The disruptive tech- nology changing the industry nowadays is making that possible, but it also brings a new set of challenges.


VIRGINIA BUSINESS 25


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