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“The Mayor and the council members are responsible to ensure that climate change implementation mandate is achieved. Climate Change issues are discussed in the


Sub- Mayoral Committee on Climate Change.”


Johannesburg


“São Paulo created the ‘Climate Change and Eco-Economy Commit- tee’, represented by public and private stakeholders and directly linked to senior Secretaries to the Mayor.”


São Paulo 93%


of C40 Cities (39) seat climate change responsibility at the highest level


Oversight 50% 8 © 2011 Carbon Disclosure Project


of C40 Cities (21) have a dedicated council or steering committee


Governance and Planning


City governments’ capacity to implement climate change policies and action plans is closely linked to policy-making structures. A mayor with direct financial or political control over areas like transport, waste, and green space can more easily take action to reduce GHG emissions. But a city’s capacity for action is also related to the governance and oversight functions that are embedded within the city. Like major corporations, cities can benefit from establishing robust, transparent governance structures. High-level leadership from the mayor, for instance, combined with wide support from citizens and local businesses can enable cities to tackle climate change aggressively. 3


Responsibility for climate change sits at the highest level in C40 cities With only a few exceptions, climate change is an issue directed by the most senior leadership in C40 cities. 93 percent (39) of disclosing cities state that overall responsibility for climate change sits at the top level (Governor, Mayor, city manager, or other chief executive of the city). To demonstrate their commitment, many cities have set targets for GHG


Fig. 02: Emerging practices from C40 Cities in climate change governance High Level Responsibility


62%


reductions, in some cases more ambitious than national commitments and, for many, in the absence of national commitments. 38


Many cities are turning to dedicated councils or steering committees for oversight of climate action


1 out of every 2 disclosing cities has created a special unit within the mayoral office responsible for the management and execution of energy and climate policy.


Some cities collaborate with stakeholders (science, business, community) in local governance and programming An encouraging trend among C40 cities is the involvement of stakeholders in identifying, developing and implementing local solutions. 36 percent (15) of disclosing cities include some combination of local citizens, businesses, and academic experts in decision-making processes related to climate change mitigation. C40 cities are showing that it is not just city governments who must take responsibility for creating sustainable cities, but a wide cross-section of society.


Climate Change Action Plan


of C40 Cities (26) have developed a climate change action plan


Reduction Targets 57%


of C40 Cities (24) have specific GHG reduction targets for city-wide emissions


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