This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
Climate Change Risk Assessment and Management


Risk assessment methodology is varied and unstandardized 22 responding cities base their risk assessment on an established methodology, like UNDP, IPCC, or World Bank guidelines, or the UK Climate Impacts Programme (UKCIP). Other cities extrapolate methods and data from national centers for climate modeling. A number of cities report to CDP the step by step process they follow for assessing risk.


Some cities use scenario analyses for mid- and long-term projections of the future effects of climate change. Buenos Aires for instance has prepared future climate scenarios based on global climate models provided by the World Climate Research Program (Couples Model Intercomparison Project), a set of models used by the IPCC in preparing the Fourth Report Synthesis.


“Since Curitiba is located in the head of the Iguazu river basin, which ends at the Iguazu Falls, flooding has always been a concern. With climate change the probability of harder and more frequent rain is very high. The City Hall is commissioning the Vulnerability Study to confirm this tendency.”


Curitiba


“The approach to assessing climate risks and impacts consists of the following sequential steps: (1) determining climate variables at the level of the city/water shed through downscaling techniques; (2) estimating impacts and vulnerability through hydro-meteo- rological modeling, scenario analysis, and GIS mapping; and (3) preparing a damage / loss assessment and identification/prioritization of adaptation options.”


Bangkok


Fig. 30: Physical effects of climate change identified by cities Effect


% of respondents


Temperature increase/heatwaves


More frequent/ intense rainfall


Sea level rise Storms and floods Drought


85% 79% 67% 58% 42%


Number of responding cities (33) 27 © 2011 Carbon Disclosure Project


Top 3 sectors affected Human health, Energy, Water


“CCAP consulted the University of Illinois Urbana Champaign and Texas Tech University to study the physical impacts of climate change on the Midwest and Chicago. Chicago climate change projections were assessed over the coming century through statistical downscaling.”


Chicago


Buildings, Water, Transport


Buildings, Waste, Transport


Human health, Buildings, Water


Water, Human health, Energy


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40
Produced with Yudu - www.yudu.com