This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management


introduction of procurement programs for renewable energy. 8 of the 28 cities which responded to this question (29 percent) formulate employee awareness campaigns aimed at creating behavioral change.


The missing link: financing GHG reduction measures Only a small number of cities responded to the question of how much financial investment will be required to achieve GHG reduction targets. Cities such as Berlin and Toronto provide specific information about the financial investments they have made over the last 3-10 years. 3 cities (New York, Austin, Sydney) have clear statements about how they intend to fund future reduction measures. However, among the responding cities, investment estimates vary considerably.


“…$30M AUS will be invested into energy efficiency upgrades, solar photovoltaics,


trigeneration and LED street lighting to achieve the 70 percent reduction target by 2030.”


Sydney


“The inventory of GHG emissions of Moscow’s energy industries (section 1.A.1 IPCC classification) is executed in accordance with the statement of chapter 1 “Introduction” and chapter 2 “Stationary Fuel Combustion” of the “Leading principles of national GHG inventory” (IPCC 2006, vol.2 “Energy”).”


Moscow


Fig. 17: What percentage of your city government’s budget goes towards purchasing energy?


55% 0


0-1% of budget 1.1-5% of budget 5.1-10% of budget


Number of responding cities (11) 25 50 75 36% 9% 100


Fig. 18: City government operations emissions reduction measures (% of respondents)


Retrofitting buildings Renewable energies


(Street) lighting Fleet


Awareness


Technical solutions Public transit


Property development criteria Funding Waste


Infrastructure Procurement


Energy efficiency laws in public sector


District cooling/heating Tree planting


Public private partnership Wastewater treatment Offset


0 21%


18% 18%


14% 14%


11% 11% 11%


7% 7% 7%


10 20 30 Number of responding cities (28) 40 50 60 70 80 90 100


36% 36%


29% 29% 29%


68% 46%


19 © 2011 Carbon Disclosure Project


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40