This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
CDP Cities 2011


“Verification is now underway and to be conducted to a “reasonable” level to comply with the recently introduced National (Australian) Carbon Offset Standard.”


Sydney


Adding value through data validation and verification In the private sector, the verification of emissions data is becoming fundamental for establishing credibility of data with stakeholders. Although less common to public sector organizations, the 2011 responses show that a small number of C40 cities have their government operations emissions verified by a third party. 10 responding cities indicated that all or part of their emissions data has been verified in some manner.


Fig. 15: External verification of city government operations emissions data (% of respondents)


% 100


80 60 40 20 0


100


80 60 40 20 0


%


Fig. 15: External verification of city government operations emissions data (% of respondents)


Cities have set targets to reduce govern ment emissions by up to 100 percent, but details vary greatly 69 percent (27) of responding cities indicate they have set GHG reduction targets. Additionally, some cities that report no targets mention a desire to do so in the near future. Some examples of city targets include Los Angeles, which aims for a 35 percent reduction by 2030, and Warsaw, which aims for a 20 percent reduction by 2020.


Average targets equate to around 2.3 percent per year, which is in line with the annual targets set by large corporations such as Arriva, Boeing or IBM. Based on regional averages, targets set by North American or European cities fall below the C40 average.


Retrofitting buildings emerges as most common GHG reduction measure 28 cities provide specific details about the types of measures underway to achieve emissions reductions – with the results showing a priority on the retrofitting of existing public buildings, followed by renewable energy projects and street lighting upgrades. Seattle, for instance, reports that it has “completed 30 municipal energy audits and will retrofit 14 municipal buildings to improve energy efficiency.” For renewable energy projects, many cities focus on 2 types of interventions: the installment of renewable energy sources in municipal buildings (e.g. photovoltaic power generation systems) and the


Fig. 16: City government operations emission reduction targets, by city City of:


Addis Ababa Austin Bangkok


Buenos Aires Changwon Chicago


Copenhagen Heidelberg* Jakarta London


63% 37% 37% 63%


Los Angeles Melbourne Milan


Yes No


Yes No


Number of responding cities (27)Number of responding cities (27)


New Orleans New York Portland Rotterdam Sydney


Philadelphia Tokyo Toronto Warsaw Yokohama


‘85 ‘90 ‘95 18


0 - 10 years 10 - 25 years > 25 years


‘00 Timescale for reduction: 12% 10% 80% 20% 25% ‘05 ‘10 ‘15 ‘20 ‘25 ‘30 ‘35 *City did not disclose a baseline ‘40 ‘45 ‘50


75% 100%


15% 33% 20% 6%


20% 20%


30% 80% 35%


100% 20%


30% 30% 10% 50% 70%


© 2011 Carbon Disclosure Project


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40
Produced with Yudu - www.yudu.com