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Swimming Pool Scene COMMERCIAL MARKET REVIEW


Statistical Study A statistical study was carried out by Parents4Safety in cooperation with The Blue Cap Foundation to determine the magnitude of the pool entrapment issue.


Suction entrapment Hair entrapment


During the search, 96 individual pool entrapment accidents were identified in the period from 2004 to 2009 and 110 individual accidents were identified in the period from 2010 to 2015. All entrapment accidents were categorised by the type of entrapment of which the results are displayed in table 1. Only one case of disembowelment was reported in 2011, but this case was categorised as a suction entrapment. 2004-2009 2010-2015 2004-2015 65 11 1


Mechanical entrapment Unknown entrapment


19


85 18 5 2


150 29 6


21


being turned off, and that can take far too long. Studies have shown that it can take 225kg of weight to release an object trapped on a single drain. Sadly these incidents are continuing to result in people drowning or sustaining terrible physical problems such as disembowelment – and children are seemingly at greatest risk of such incidents.


POOL STANDARDS Pools and spas in all hotels, holiday accommodation, and water


parks need to be regularly inspected to ensure that they are safe, and should undergo specific entrapment risk assessments. In fact, we believe that tour and hotel operators could play a vital role in safety improvements by requiring the operators of the holiday accommodation to submit regular reports on their pool safety checks. Wider knowledge and acceptance of the problem amongst the hotel and travel industry will lead to preventative action that will save lives. Not only will a greater focus on entrapment protect holidaymakers, it will ensure that the industry is not faced with lawsuits. UK regulatory standards (BSEN 15288 and SPATA) are already in place to ensure that all new pools are equipped with two main drains, as this reduces the demands that circulating water places on a single drain. This means drains or other ‘suction points’ can accommodate 100% of the flow rate of water if the other fails. It is also recommended that pool operators install a failsafe system; a vacuum alert system, which responds instantaneously to any uptake in pump suction by opening the pipe to atmosphere, freeing the trapped person.


Outlet systems should be designed in such a way that: • There are at least two functioning suction outlets per suction line • The distance between the nearest points of the perimeters of the devices is ≥2m


• If any one of the suction outlets becomes blocked, the flow Swimming Pool Scene COMMERCIAL MARKET REVIEW 43


through the remaining suction outlet/s shall accommodate 100% of the flow rate


• It is not possible to isolate one of the outlet sump suction lines by means of a valve


In pools with only one outlet, the grille should be designed in such a way that: • It cannot be blocked • One user cannot cover more than 50% of the opening • Raised grilles can be domed opposite to the flow direction, with prevalent peripheral suction; the height of the dome shall be at least 10% of the main dimension (diameter)


• Single grilles should have a grille area of ≥1m2 Adhering to these measures provides the highest level of protection for bathers.


It is understood there are hundreds of thousands of long- established pools in holiday accommodation across the world, pools that are likely to have a single main drain. While operators of holiday accommodation may not wish to close lucrative facilities for adaptation, doing nothing puts people’s lives at risk and is unjustifiable especially given that an anti-entrapment device such as the MSI Vac-Alert eliminates the danger and can be installed in 3-4 hours. A reliable solution with minimal disruption. Hoteliers and the travel trade have a duty to ensure clients are able to enjoy pools and spas without coming to harm, and preventing entrapment is a significant part of that responsibility. Looking at international media coverage, it appears that most entrapment accidents and deaths have taken place while families are holidaying abroad where perhaps regulations are less rigorously enforced/followed than in the UK. It is, therefore, incumbent on everyone involved in the provision of holiday packages and accommodation to ensure that the pools and spas at their destinations are safe, and regularly checked to maintain standards. MSI Tel. 01825 790524


Email. sales@mineralsi.com www.mineralsi.com


Industry Health &


Safety Guidelines The Pool Water Treatment Advisory Group (PWTAG) provides guidelines on entrapment safety. Inlets and outlets, grilles and covers should be designed in accordance with BS EN 13451-3. They should be inspected visually every day, and once a month they should be subjected to closer examination for obstruction, impact damage and vandalism and make sure that they are correctly in place. If they are damaged or missing, swimming should be suspended immediately.


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