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CAREERS IN GOVERNMENT


DID YOU KNOW the following histori- cal facts about American Women and the Military: The first woman awarded a disability


pension by Congress for wounds incurred during military service was Margaret Corbin. She took over her fallen husband’s cannon in the Battle of Fort Washington during the American Revolution and she herself was wounded. During the War of 1812, two women


served as nurses aboard United States, Stephen Decatur’s flag ship. During the Civil War women disguised


as men served on both sides. Women also served as spies, nurses--including aboard at least one hospital ship and one, Dr. Mary Walker, received the Congressional Medal of Honor. Women have served in the American


armed forces for over 100 hundred years- -since 1901--when the Army Nurse Corps was established. The Navy Nurse Corps soon followed in 1908.


Women who were not Nurses were first


enlisted in the Navy and Marine Corps during World War I. Only nurses served in the Army during this war; but the Army did hire about 200 civilian women who were fluent in both English and French to serve as telephone operators. These wom- en, often referred to as the “Hello Girls,” were later given veterans’ status. 432 American military women were


killed during World War II. 88 were pris- oners of war all but one of these in the Pacific Theater.


7 women died in the line of duty while


serving in theater during the Vietnam War. Their names can be found inscribed on the Vietnam Memorial. Almost 41,000 women served in the-


ater during Persian Gulf War. 13 women were killed and two were taken as prison- ers of war. To date, more than 20,000 women have


served as peacekeepers in Bosnia and Ko- sovo. Two women sailors were killed and


five were wounded in the terrorist attack on USS Cole.


Fact: Women Veterans Population As of October 2010 the total veteran population in the United States and Puerto


Rico, as of September 2010, was approximately 23 million. The population of wom- en veterans numbered 1,840,380. States with the largest number of women veterans were California, Texas, Flori- da, Virginia and Georgia. State-by-state totals are as follows:


Alabama 35,526 Montana 8,038 Alaska 8,549 Nebraska 11,311 Arizona 47,593 Nevada 21,433 Arkansas 19,805 New Hampshire 8,828 California 166,709 New Jersey 28,080 Colorado 38,095 New Mexico 16,555 Connecticut 15,211 New York 64,535 Delaware 6,430 North Carolina 69,617 District Of Columbia 3,886 North Dakota 4,647 Florida 140,256


Ohio 60,908 Georgia 76,745 Oklahoma 26,646 Hawaii 11,634 Oregon 25,295 Idaho 10,594


Pennsylvania 63,603 Illinois 57,121 Puerto Rico 7,232 Indiana 33,343 Rhode Island 5,007 Iowa 14,927


South Carolina 35,540 Kansas 18,105 South Dakota 5,985 Kentucky 24,808 Tennessee 39,215 Louisiana 27,147 Texas 155,625


54 PROFESSIONAL WOMAN’S MULTICULTURAL MAGAZINE


Maine 10,306 Utah 10,963 Maryland 49,129 Vermont 3,679


Massachusetts 26,085 Virginia 92,036 Michigan 45,420 Washington 55,675 Minnesota 23,157 West Virginia 11,870 Mississippi 17,897 Wisconsin 28,219 Missouri 37,777 Wyoming 4,495 Territories/Foreign 9,089 Total Women Veterans 1,840,380


Source: Department of Veterans Affairs, VetPop07, at http://www.va.gov/vetdata/


CELEBRATING 10 YEARS OF DIVERSITY About 10 percent of the U.S. Forces


currently serving in Afghanistan and Iraq are women. Source: Women’s Research and Edu- cation Institution


DID YOU KNOW...IN 1978: • As required by P.L. 95-79, Sec 303,


the Department of Defense (DoD) pro- vided a definition of combat to Congress. • The Coast Guard removed all assign- ment restrictions based on gender. • Owens v. Brown – District Judge


John J. Sirica, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that 10 USC Section 6015, which precluded the perma- nent assignment of women to Naval ves- sels other than hospital and transport ships, is unconstitutional. • As part of FY-79 Defense Authoriza-


tions Act, 10 USC 6015 is amended to al- low permanent assignment of women to non-combatant ships and temporary as- signment to any ship not expected to have a combat mission. Source: Women’s Research and Edu- cation Institution


DID YOU KNOW...IN 1983: • Operation Urgent Fury (the invasion


of Grenada)—170 women soldiers served, as did Air Force women in air transport crews. • Air Force women in KC-135 and KC-


10 tanker crews participated in a raid on Libya. • Congress passed P.L. 98-160 which established the Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs Advisory Committee on Women Veterans. Source: Women’s Research and Edu- cation Institution


DID YOU KNOW...IN 1989 Opera-


tion Just Cause (the invasion of Panama)— 770 women deploy or are already there. A woman MP commands troops in a com- bat-like operation. Women flying Black Hawk helicopters come under fire. Source: Women’s Research and Edu- cation Institution


DID YOU KNOW...IN 1994: • Over 1,000 women participated in operations in Somalia from 1992-1994. • The DoD risk rule was rescinded.


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