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BECAUSE OF THE INDUSTRY’S EXPANSION, THE FAA HAS JUST RECENTLY TAKEN AN ACTIVE INTEREST IN PROVIDING OPERATIONAL GUIDANCE THAT IS SPECIFIC TO THE HEMES INDUSTRY.


does a thorough analysis of the subject aircraft and its mechanical history. The NTSB will also do an analysis of the pilot’s aviation background. This is mostly lim- ited to the airman’s current certificates and ratings, recent duty time, last training dates, and accumulated flight hours in category and class of aircraft the pilot was rated in. Looking at this, the logical question that begs to be asked is – did the pilot receive training appropriate to the mission being performed and if he did, could this accident have been avoided by success- fully completing that training? The picture is now starting to come together on why some of these acci- dents have occurred and what can be done to correct the situation.


HEMES operations over the last 30 years are rela- tively new to the field of aviation compared to aviation operations in general. Because of the industry’s expan- sion, the FAA has just recently taken an active interest in providing operational guidance that is specific to the


HEMES industry. Some of the areas that have been given FAA guidance are the pilot’s mission risk assessment procedures, company-wide operational control centers, and an emphasis on Air Medical Resource Management (AMRM) training. But the FAA has still not involved themselves in regulating what type of HEMES training needs to be accomplished to successfully pre- pare the prospective EMS pilot for the mission. It is still falling upon the operators to create and implement a training program that will accomplish this. Today more and more operators are turning to HEMES scenario-based training as a major step in providing the much needed pilot and crew member training to successfully accomplish the mission. In review of the FAA requirements to prepare a pilot to conduct a Part 135 mission, an operator needs to train on subjects that are mostly aviation and aircraft systems related. This is proving to be not enough to successfully do the mission today. Looking back at some of the industry accidents, it could have been possible to prevent some had realistic HEMES scenario based training focusing primari- ly on pilot judgment and decision making been in place.


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