DAFFODILS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION
Classification and Color Symbols
Our daffodils are classed and named as referenced in our official sources: Daffodils to Show and Grow and Abridged Classified List of Daffodil Names 2003 and the “daffseek” website, both maintained by the American Daffodil Society, and The International Daffodil Register and Classified List 1998 published by The Royal Horticultural Society. There are thirteen divisions of daffodils. Twelve divisions are determined by the physical characteristics and genetic background of each cultivar. The thirteenth division lists daffodils distinguished solely by botanical name.
In parentheses behind each cultivar name are a series of code letters used to describe colors of a daffodil cultivar. [Example: (Y-Y)]. The descriptive letters are: W–White Y–Yellow P–Pink G–Green R–Red
The color code consists of two letters or two groups of letters separated by a hyphen. The letters before the hyphen describe the perianth segments (or petals); the letters following the hyphen describe the corona (trumpet or cup). A perianth consisting of more than one color will be described with multiple letters beginning from the outer zone; a multicolored corona will be described beginning with the eyezone.
Hardiness and Spacing
Unless otherwise noted, all daffodils are hardy in Zones 3 to 8. All grow best in full sun or dappled shade, but some varieties, the pink and red-cupped varieties in particular, give truer, longer-lasting color in semi-shade.
In warmer Zones 9 and 10, choose daffodil varieties that will grow without the need for a cold period. Hardier varieties, however, need to be precooled for 8 to 10 weeks at 40°F to 45°F before planting in December.
How to Grow
For best results, plant your daffodils in mid- autumn in well-drained, sandy, humus-rich soil. Add bulb food or bone meal and mix it well in the soil beneath the bulbs. For best perennial performance, daffodil foliage needs full sun and proper watering. Let foliage die back naturally before removal. Always detach the top inch of the flower stem so the daffodil will increase its bulb size instead of making seed. Plant daffodils 6 to 8 inches deep, less for smaller species bulbs. A good rule of thumb for planting depth is about 3 times the height of the bulb. In early spring, topdress with a bulb fertilizer or a balanced commercial fertilizer
Daffodil Bulb Sizes Can Be Confusing All daffodil bulbs have at least one “nose” from which the stem, leaves and flowers emerge. Some daffodils regularly produce bulbs with one, two, even three or more noses. These bulbs are usually sized by weight (mass) of the bulb and not by the number of noses. Some daffodils, especially species and miniatures, almost never produce bulbs with multiple noses. These are sized by measuring the bulb’s circumference.
WE SHIP TOP SIZE BULBS
At McClure & Zimmerman, we ship only Top Size OR DNI, the largest size daffodil bulb by mass available for the current season.
TRUMPET DAFFODILS Use: border, cut, naturalized
Distinguishing characters: One flower to a stem; the trumpet is as long or longer than the petal segments. The most familiar and beloved daffodil form, bloom- ing from early to midspring.
4U2 (Y-O) #D091 H [Ht: 16", Bl: VE]
A novel color in this division with golden-yellow petals and a trumpet of orange touched with yellow.
Arctic Gold (Y-Y) #D094 D [Ht: 14", Bl: E/M] Jumbo, goldenrod-yellow, upfacing blooms are so crisp, waxy and perfectly formed that they appear almost artificial. Stands up through wind and rain, lasts for days cut. An award- winning show and garden flower.
Arkle (Y-Y) #D092 D [Ht: 16", Bl: E/M]
Big 5 inch blooms of clear yellow display long, cylindrical trumpets with expanded, ruffled rims along with large, overlapping perianths. Strong and vigorous. One of the best!
Beersheba (W-W) #D095 F [Ht: 14", Bl: E/M] Pure white, more delicate in appearance than “Mount Hood.” Introduced in 1923.
Bravoure (W-Y) #D097 G [Ht: 16", Bl: M]
Show bench quality blooms are comprised of smooth white petals and a perfectly formed stovepipe yellow trumpet. An excellent grower.
Chinese Coral (W-P) #D093 G [Ht: 12", Bl: M] A stylish and rarely found ‘pink’ trumpet. Rounded perianth segments are greenish- white, framing a long, straight trumpet of rich salmon trimmed with a flaring, scalloped rim and a vivid yellow base.
Dutch Master (Y-Y) #D101 D [Ht: 18", Bl: E/M]
This bright yellow upfacing daffodil introduced in 1938 is nearly as well known as King Alfred and is renowned for its strength and longevity. Its long trumpet flares at the end, completed by a rolled, deeply notched rim. Highly recommended for perennializing and forcing.
Galactic Star (YYW-W) #D110 G [Ht: 18", Bl: E/M]
A sweetly fragrant reverse bicolor. The flaring, frilly-edged trumpet matures to white encircled by a white halo on a greenish-yellow perianth.
Goblet (W-Y) #D104 E [Ht: 18", Bl: E/M] Partially overlapping petals form a snow-white perianth, the long, golden-yellow, ruffled trum- pet aging to lemon-yellow. Award winner.
King Alfred (Y-Y) #D103 E [Ht: 16", Bl: E/M] This golden-yellow daffodil created by John Kendall in 1899 was the greatest advance ever made in the progress of daffodils. This im- proved King Alfred-type has the same appear- ance as the original with better performance.
American Daffodil Society Wister Award for outstanding garden merit
Las Vegas (W-Y) #D112 F [Ht: 18", Bl: E/M] Creamy-white petals surround a canary-yellow trumpet to form huge upfacing blooms. A star performer as bold and glitzy as its namesake.
Lemon Glow (Y-Y) #D099 F [Ht: 14", Bl: M] Few daffodils exhibit the soft tones displayed by this award-winner. Blooms open lemon- yellow, maturing to white with pale yellow brushmarks and a yellow-edged white trumpet.
Little Gem (Y-Y) #D113 A ADS miniature [Ht: 6", Bl: E] A perfect ‘mini-size’ yellow trumpet daffodil. Among the earliest daffodils to bloom.
Marieke (Y-GYY) #D114 D [Ht: 18", Bl: E/M]
The largest golden blooms of any trumpet, more upfacing and with greater substance, allowing for a very long-lasting display. Highly recommended for mass plantings. Forces well.
Mount Hood (W-W) #D105 E [Ht: 16", Bl: M]
The large trumpet is ivory-white, very slightly flushed with pale primrose-yellow when it first opens. One of the best white daffodils for garden decoration. Introduced in 1938.
Primeur (Y-Y) #D115 F [Ht: 18", Bl: M/L] You’ll want plenty of this deep golden-yellow trumpet to extend the daffodil season. One of the latest to bloom, superb for bedding, long- lasting and floriferous. Dependably perennial.
Rijnveld’s Early Sensation (Y-Y) #D100 D [Ht: 14", Bl: VE/E]
One of the earliest bright yellow trumpets to bloom, at least two weeks earlier than most. Sometimes flowers by Christmas in the south. Forces beautifully. Top size 14/16 cm bulbs.
Sagitta (Y-P) #D120 G [Ht: 16", Bl: M/L]
A unique combination of lemon-yellow petals and a peach-pink trumpet. 12 to 15 cm bulbs.
Tropical Sunset (W-O) #D122 H [Ht: 16", Bl: M] Broad greenish-white perianth segments surround a long trumpet vividly colored with tropical hues of golden-orange, the notched rim slightly lighter toned. A strong grower and very eye-catching from a distance.
W. P. Milner (W-W) #D108 B [Ht: 7", Bl: E] A perfect creamy-white petite with a frilled trumpet and twisted petals. Heirloom 1869.
DAFFODIL PRICE CHART 6 12 24 48 96
A 3.95 6.95 12.95 23.95 39.95 B 4.95 8.95 15.95 29.95 54.95 C 6.45 11.45 19.95 36.95 69.95 D 7.95 13.95 25.95 49.95 89.95 E 8.95 15.95 29.95 57.95 105.95 F 9.95 17.95 33.95 64.95 119.95 G 10.95 20.95 39.95 75.95 139.95 H 11.95 22.95 43.95 84.95 159.95 I 12.95 24.95 47.95 89.95 169.95 J 14.95 27.95 52.95 102.95 199.95
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