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FOCUS ON: Immunization REQUIRED VACCINES FOR TEXAS CHILDREN


Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis Polio Measles, mumps, and rubella Hepatitis B Hepatitis A Varicella


Meningococcal disease


Source: Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS), www.dshs.state.tx.us/immunize/school


FACT VS. FICTION


Myth: Vaccines contain toxic chemicals.


Truth: Thimerosol, which contains mercury, has been removed from scheduled vaccines. It now resides only in the seasonal flu vaccine.


Myth: Not vaccinating a child affects only that one child.


Truth: Unvaccinated children can infect infants who’ve not yet been inoculated and people with compromised immune systems.


Myth: Too many vaccines at once can override a baby’s immune system.


Truth: Vaccines use deactivated viruses in their ingredients.


Myth: Drug companies push vaccines only to make a profit.


Truth: Global revenues for vaccines in 2013 accounted for only 2 percent to 3 percent of the total pharmaceutical market.


10 TEXAS MEDICINE March 2015 ILLUSTRATION BY KATHY KONKLE / GETTY IMAGES


TEXAS IS ONE OF ONLY 18 states that allows adults to exempt themselves or their children from required school or work vaccinations solely based on personal belief. Most states allow vaccination exemptions only for medical or religious reasons, according to the Texas Medical Association’s Healthy Vision 2020, www .texmed.org/healthyvision.


95% The rate of immunization


coverage for kindergartners and 7th graders for each required vaccine.


Source DSHS, www.dshs.state.tx .us/immunize/coverage/schools.shtm


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