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Cooperation Council is taking joint action on efforts to co- ordinate policy in areas such as invasive species management and the regulation of the aquaculture industry.
Monarch butterfly conservation: adaptive governance and big data in action
An example of a circumstance where cooperation among national governments is key to species wellbeing is the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), which is threatened
by destruction of milkweed, the key plant that monarch caterpillars eat. Since some monarch populations undergo a remarkable migratory journey that spans Canada, Mexico and the US, effective conservation requires complex cooperation (see Figures 3.2.3 and 3.2.4).
The Trinational High Level Working Group for the Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly Migratory Phenomenon was established in 2014,
following a conservation plan developed through the trilateral CEC in Figure 3.2.2: Distribution of species formally listed as threatened or endangered under the ESA, 2014
Notes: US Alaska and Hawaii are displayed on a different scale for presentation purposes. Data from 1994-2003 were collected by personnel of the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve (MBBR) of the National Commission of Protected Natural Areas (CONANP) in Mexico. Data collected from 2004-2016 were collected by the WWF-Telcel Alliance, in coordination with the Directorate of the MBBR. Source: Evans et al. 2016 .