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Comprehension STOP Use your dictionary to find out the meaning of the bold words below. China – The Red Dragon


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With a population of over 1.3 billion, China has more people than any other country on earth. About a third of the population live in cities, and the rest of the people live in the countryside. China has lots of different landscapes, including mountains, plateaus, deserts and forests. The tallest mountain on earth, Mount Everest, sits on the border between China and Nepal. China has thousands of rivers. The two main rivers are the Yellow River and the Yangtze River, which both flow from west to east.


CHINA Yellow River Yangtze River Shanghai


PACIFIC OCEAN


Beijing


China is home to hundreds of species of animals and plants. More than 3,800 species of fish and hundreds of amphibians and reptile species live in the rivers, lakes and coastal waters. The giant panda lives in the misty mountains of central China and nowhere else on earth. The pandas can usually be found in thick bamboo forests, where they feast on the leaves. Due to habitat loss and hunting, these bears are on the endangered species list. It is estimated that only around 1,000 gaint pandas remain in the wild.


China is home to of one of the world’s oldest civilizations. Ancient China was a land of invention. For centuries, China was much more advanced than most other countries in science and technology, astronomy and maths. The Chinese invented paper, the magnetic compass, printing, drinking tea, porcelain, silk and gunpowder.


Facts about China ƒ The Chinese New Year celebration lasts for 15 days.


ƒ Chinese brides often wear red, a colour considered to be lucky.


ƒ Half of all pigs on earth live in China.


ƒ Many Chinese emperors considered themselves to be descendants of dragons.


ƒ Mandarin is one of the two main languages spoken in China. More people speak Mandarin than any other language in the world.


ƒ Put together, all of China’s railway lines could loop around earth twice! 56


Unit 10 | Report 2


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