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Energy efficiency


environmental costs. It also results in dry air that causes various levels of discomfort and risk to health. Using a simple humidifier is the most effective way to improve room humidity and consequently skin comfort. Research findings suggest a set room temperature of 22-24˚C and a relative humidity level of 45-60 per cent, with the use of a humidifier during the day. The room temperature can be adjusted to be a couple degrees cooler at night and the humidifier switched off. These measures could improve thermal and humidity levels and alleviate the discomfort caused by dry air, improving the wellbeing of care home residents. TCHE


References 1. Scott S. Older people concerned about staying warm at home. Age UK, 2013.


2. Health Information and Quality Authority. National Standards for Residential Care Settings for Older People in Ireland. HIQA, 2016.


3. Zhang N, Cao B et al. A comparison of winter indoor thermal environment and thermal comfort between regions in Europe, North America, and Asia. Building and Environment 2017; 117: 208-17.


4. Hughes M, Palmer J, Pope P. United Kingdom Housing Energy Fact File.


5. Bradley J. (2012) Carbon, Cost and Care: Environmental impacts of residential social care in the UK. [www.sduhealth.org.uk].


6. Sait W. (2014) Care homes energy savings a priority in 2014.


[www.savemoneycutcarbon.com].


7. Moran F. Benchmarking the energy use of historic dwellings in Bath and the role for


retrofit and LZC technologies to reduce CO2 emissions. The University of Bath, 2013. [opus.bath.ac.uk/43306/1/Thesis_March_ 2014.pdf].


8. BRE. (2012) Standard Assessment Procedure: SAP 2012. [www.bre.co.uk/sap2012].


9. Wang F, Olej R, Nioi A. A Survey on Comfort and Energy Consumption in a Care Home. The Proceedings of PLEA Conference, Edinburgh; July 2017: 1336-43.


10. The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers. CIBSE Guide A: Environmental Design 2017. CIBSE, 2017.


11. Onselen JV. Skin care in the older person: identifying and managing eczema. Br J Community Nurs2016; 16(12): 577–82.


12. Hurlow J, Bliss DZ. Dry skin in older adults. Geriatric Nurs 2011; 32: 257-62.


13. Jowkar M. MSc Dissertation: The Effects of Moisture Control on Old Occupants and Energy Cost. Heriot-Watt University, 2016.


Dr Fan Wang


Dr Fan Wang BSc, PhD, CEng, MCIBSE, FHEA, is a lecturer in architectural engineering and a programme leader - MSc Sustainable Building Design, at the Royal Academy of Engineering Centre of Excellence. Dr Wang is a building physicist and a member of the Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers. He has worked in higher education and consultancy in the field of sustainable building design, environmental design and energy efficiency for nearly 30 years.


November 2018 • www.thecarehomeenvironment.com


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