also because it’s local – and has significant potential to replace some imports. IPIFF points out that in the ‘EU+UK Protein Balance sheet’ published by the EC in June 2020, 78% of protein in EU ani- mal feed originates in the EU, but only 26% of Hi-Pro feed in- gredients originate there. IPIFF believes that, in line with the growing demand for EU-produced feed, insect production may increase EU-based production of Hi-Pro and Super-Pro (>50% protein content) sources.

The number of insect farms in EU is growing; however it will take many years before they’re able to produce large volumes of proteins.

In terms of how much the use of insect protein in feed will expand, we must look at the current situation. Right now PAP can only be used in aquaculture feed and pet food, but IPIFF hopes that regulatory changes made in 2017 by the Eu- ropean Commission (EC) will soon bring regulatory clarity, encouraging investment in the insect sector and promoting upscaling. However, although insect farms are being “built all across the continent,” Mararu says “it would take a couple of years until they will reach their maximum production ca- pacity – delivering high-quality feed ingredients for the aq- uaculture sector – but also for the poultry and pig feed mar- kets. Future legislative developments (e.g. authorisation of new substrates such as former foodstuffs containing meat and fish, and the development of organic standards for in- sect farming) would contribute considerably to increasing demand for insects and their derived products.” Insect pro- tein production is also of course sustainable, not only be- cause it’s efficient and uses food industry by-products but

The big picture On the whole, FEFAC consider the Green Deal objectives “as stimulus-providing opportunities for the feed sector to reposition animal nutrition solutions as a key vector to drive innovation to support the sustainable development of livestock systems,” says Döring. “FEFAC, together with its sister organisations in the US, Brazil and other regions of the world have invested heavily in new environmental impact assessments tools (PEFCR Feed) for which the methodol- ogy was developed and assessed by FAO and the EU and Global Feed LCA databases (GFLI).” This will allow the EU feed industry, livestock farmers, the supply chain and other partners “to demonstrate that effective, science-based feed systems can make a significant contribution to reducing the environmental burdens of feed and livestock production.” However, Döring adds that FEFAC advocates “a balanced ap- proach, inviting the EU Commission to tackle in-built dilem- mas and trade-offs between competing Green Deal objec- tives by developing more meaningful sector indicators.This approach would reflect the ‘DNA’ of the EU and global feed in- dustry, as resource efficiency champions of the food chain, through the conversion of co-products and non-human edible feedstuffs into high-value animal protein sources.”

FEFAC advocates a more balanced approach which will reflect the resource effi- ciency of the feed industry through the conversion of co-products and non- human edible feedstuffs.

12 ▶ ALL ABOUT FEED | Volume 29, No. 1, 2021



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