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Industry News


2019: Significant decrease in RDF export from England


A


report based on data released by the UK Environment Agency shows a decrease in export


of waste derived fuels from England of 13 per cent. Geminor UK Ltd. was the largest exporter of RDF and SRF from England in 2019. The report – which is made by


Footprint Services and based on EA data – shows that there was a total export of waste derived fuels (RDF and SRF) of 2,71 million tonnes from England to other European and Nordic countries in 2019. This is a decrease of 13.4% from the 3,09 million tonnes exported in 2018.


The international resource


management company Geminor tops the list of exporters with a total of 311 907 tonnes – or 11,5% of thetotal export from England. Biffa Waste Services Ltd is the second biggest exporter in 2019, followed by SUEZ UK Ltd. and N&P Alternative Fuels Ltd. Country manager at Geminor UK


Ltd., James Maiden, is pleased to see Geminor maintain its position as the largest exporter of RDF and SRF from England for the second consecutive year.


2019 was a challenging market for UK export, mostly due to issues


James Maiden. The report shows that export


of RDF continues to drop in 2019. Simultaneously, the export of SRF is up by 4% last year. According to the Environment


James Maiden of Geminor UK Ltd.


surrounding Brexit, the Dutch temporary import restrictions and an increase in UK domestic capacity and facilities. We expect these conditions to continue into 2020, where the Dutch and Swedish tax announcements will impact on UK flows, says Maiden. The English export market is


decreasing, but if we look at the UK export in total the Geminor Group managed 495 000 tonnes of secondary fuels across 2019, with additional export volumes transported from Scotland, Ireland, Northern Ireland and internal UK flows, says country manager at Geminor UK Ltd.,


Agency data, the Netherlands is still by far the biggest importer of English waste derived fuels, with 1,16 million tonnes and 43% of the market in 2019. Still, this is a decline of approx. 11% compared to 2018. Sweden is the second biggest offtaker nation with 559 000 tonnes, followed by Germany (397 000 tonnes) and Denmark (141 000 tonnes). Norway falls to a 5th place with 140 000 tonnes, down by 29% compared to 2018. At the moment it is important to


keep up with changes in national market conditions. We maintain the flows by switching for example from UK producers to German producers when this is necessary. An increasingly complex market demands dynamic and adaptable solutions, concludes country manager at Geminor UK Ltd, James Maiden.


Smart control of power plants to support the growth of renewable energy


The fluctuating supply of wind and solar energy forces traditional power plants to be more flexible. The two-year SmartFlex project develops smart monitoring and control tools that can be used to control power plants in rapidly changing situations. The aim is to extend the lifespan of the plants as well as to maintain high efficiency and low emissions in a reliable way. Conventional combined heat and


power (CHP) production balances the fluctuation that wind and solar power bring to the energy market. CHP plants also provide an opportunity to combust biomass residues as well as waste, thus directly reducing the use of fossil fuels. However, the plants


8 Forest Bioenergy Review Spring 2020


are designed to operate steadily, or at least in a predictable way. Rapid changes in load and fuel can put a strain on the materials, generate extra emissions and reduce the efficiency of energy production. - The aim of the SmartFlex project


is to provide power plants solutions to the flexibility requirements. We create monitoring and control tools that offer plant operators real-time process information and guidance for optimal operation of the plant. They also provide a basis for increasing remote control. At best, the tools ensure the plant’s high efficiency, low emissions and good condition in varying circumstances, says Mikko Jegoroff, head of the SmartFlex project from VTT.


The goal is that the solutions


produced in the project are suitable for a wide range of fluidised bed combustion power plants. In addition to CHP plants, these include numerous waste incineration plants and condensing power plants producing only electricity. The project is primarily concerned


with measuring methods already in use at CHP plants and exploring how to make better use of them. The aim is to develop automated analysis of measurements and forecasting of conditions by combining measurement results and modelling processes. The SmartFlex research project


started in November 2019 and will continue for two years. It has a budget of EUR 1.25 million and is funded by


corporate partners Fortum Power and Heat Oy, Sumitomo SHI FW Energia Oy (SFW), Inray Oy Ltd and Protacon Solutions Ltd, along with Business Finland and VTT. The same companies are also developing applications in their own parallel projects. VTT brings to the study its


expertise in modelling, materials research and power plant research and development projects, among other things. The solutions developed in the project will be tested on an operational, commercial biomass fired power plant. Further information: VTT Mikko Jegoroff, Research Scientist mikko.jegoroff@vtt.fi Tel. +358 40 518 6512


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