This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.

Stephanie Salmon, AFS Washington Office; Jeff Hannapel & Christian Richter, The Policy Group, Washington, D.C. OSHA Updates Amputation Emphasis Program


The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recently issued modifications to its National Emphasis Program (NEP) on Amputations, replacing the program in place since 2006. The agency says the updated NEP uses current enforcement and injury data to assist with site targeting. The NEP targets industries with high numbers and rates of amputa- tions, with manufacturers as a prime target. Metalcasting facilities will continue to be among those manu- facturers inspected. Casting ma- chinery is listed as one of the types of equipment the agency inspec- tors will target. According to the most recent data from the Bureau


House Passes Regulatory Overhaul Bill

Before leaving for the August recess, the House of Representatives voted 243-165 in favor of the Regula- tions from the Executive in Need of Scrutiny (REINS) Act in a bid to roll back the executive branch’s rulemak- ing authority. Under the REINS Act, federal agencies would be required to submit major rules with an annual economic impact of $100 million or more to Congress for approval. The legislation now goes to the Senate. This will be the third time in four years that the House has passed the REINS Act. What’s different this time around is that the regulatory reform bill could also see action in the Senate, which is now controlled by Republicans. President Obama has threatened to veto the measure if it makes it to his desk.

Reminder to Maintain Emergency Eyewash Stations

In August, the U.S. Occupa- 22 | MODERN CASTING September 2015

tional Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) warned that contaminated wa- ter in emergency eyewash stations can lead to infection and underscored the importance of maintaining these sta- tions. The agency noted that stagnant water in stations may contain organ- isms that can cause infections when they come in contact with the eyes or skin or are inhaled.

It is recommending that plumbed eyewash systems be activated for at least 15 minutes on a weekly basis to reduce contamination. The agency also recommends that employers should consult the manufacturer’s instructions for maintenance of self-contained eyewash stations.

OSHA Proposes Lower Exposure Limits for Beryllium

The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is plan- ning to cut worker exposure to beryl- lium by 90%. Under the negotiated proposal between the administration,

the leading U.S. manufacturer of beryllium (Materion), and unions, the proposed rule would cut beryl- lium exposure to 0.2 micrograms per cubic meter of air from 2.0 micro- grams per cubic meter. In addition, it would require ancillary provisions for employee protection such as methods for controlling exposure, respiratory protection, medical surveillance, hazard communication and record-keeping. Workers in some metalcast- ing facilities, aerospace, smelting, ceramics and dental labs will be impacted.

The agency is seeking com- ment on a number of alternatives, including a lower PEL that could broaden the scope of the regulation to the construction and maritime industries. Comments are due by November 5. AFS will be submitting comments.

For additional information, contact Stephanie Salmon, AFS Washington Off ice,


of Labor Statistics, manufacturing employers report that 2,000 workers suffered amputations in 2013. The rate of amputations in the manufac- turing sector is more than twice as much as that of all private industry. According to OSHA, compliance

officers will evaluate employee expo- sures during the following opera- tions during inspections: • Regular operation of the machine.

• Setup/threading/preparation for regular operation of the machine.

• Clearing jams or upset conditions.

• Making running adjustments while the machine is operating.

• Cleaning the machine. • Oiling or greasing of the ma- chine or machine pans.

• Scheduled and unscheduled maintenance.

• Locking and tagging out. As of January 1, 2015, employers

must report all amputation incidents to OSHA within 24 hours. OSHA considers amputations to include “a part, such as a limb or append- age, which has been severed, cut off, amputated (either completely or partially); fingertip amputation with or without bone loss; medical amputations resulting from irrepa- rable damage; and amputations of body parts that have since been reat- tached.”

Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60