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Brad Kahn, the council’s director of communications, notes that people purchasing FSC-certified products have as- surance that the product is supporting responsible forest man- agement and helping protect forests for future generations. Reclaimed Hardwood: Lumber brimming with charac-

Eco-Friendlier Floors

Top Green Choices for What’s Underfoot by Brita Belli


tanding in a newly carpeted room, it’s hard to miss the distinctive chemical odors wafting up from the floor. That’s the off-gassing of volatile organic compounds (VOCs)—airborne chemicals that can exacerbate asthma symptoms and cause headaches, nausea and eye and throat irritation upon exposure.

While the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) maintains that proper ventilation significantly reduces VOC exposure from new carpets after the first 48 to 72 hours, health concerns related to conventional carpets are legiti- mate, as are its other environmental consequences. Accord- ing to the EPA, “Over 4 billion pounds of carpet enter the solid waste stream in the United States every year.” Because it’s bulky and comprises multiple materials, discarded carpet is difficult both to dispose of and recycle. Fortunately, there are a host of savvy alternatives that won’t tax the health of our families or the planet. Here are some of the most popular eco-flooring choices. Hardwood: Woods certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and available through most major retailers offer an attractive option for most homes. Domestically grown species, including oak, maple and hickory, are the better choices environmentally. However, the FSC also certi- fies tropical and other forests around the globe (at least 330 million acres in 81 countries), helping to prevent damaging deforestation and counteract illegal logging (

24 Hudson County

ter, as well as sterling environmental credentials is available from companies specializing in reclaimed wood. It may come from sources as diverse as Midwest barns razed for development to ties from abandoned rail lines in Thailand. Nail holes, scratches, weathering and other distinctive mark- ings lend the wood—and our homes—a special distinction. Reclaiming these valuable materials not only diverts them from the waste stream, it expands the eco-options available to homeowners via otherwise unavailable old-growth tropi- cal hardwoods, including cherry and teak. If a local source isn’t available, look for an FSC-certified company (e.g., Ter-; Bamboo: Bamboo has won many environmental acco- lades in recent years because it is a hardy plant that grows to full height quickly. In- tended to reduce the need to fell trees, its use has prompted the spread of bamboo planta- tions across India, China and Burma; the unintended result has been rampant clearing of old-growth, biodiverse forests for a monoculture crop, fre-

quently for bamboo products that are not FSC-certified. Look for bamboo that is FSC-certified; when it’s not, advises Kahn, “Consumers have no way to know how the bamboo was grown or harvested.” What’s more, he adds, bamboo flooring is held together with adhesives and other chemicals, and these related issues must be considered by an eco-conscious homeowner. Cork: Cork is durable, warm, sound absorbing and environmentally friendly. Lending unique properties to flooring, its cellular nature makes it a good shock absorber (a special plus for the infirm) and maintains its integrity over time. Note that spilled moisture needs to be dealt with im- mediately, as it could eventually ruin the flooring. Derived from the bark of the Quercus suber, or cork oak, that grows in the Mediterranean region, the bark is harvested once every nine years by hand from carefully managed forests. Peeling off the bark does not hurt the trees. To be sure cork flooring is chemical-free, look for compa- nies selling all-natural, undyed cork. Wool Carpets: Wool has everything—softness, warmth, durability, variety and sustainability. Shorn from sheep, the primary fiber is as renewable as possible, but homeowners need to check the composition of the back- ing material, as well. Nature’s Carpet (, one example of a green textile company, ranks their wool carpets on a grading system. The most environmentally friendly, or “dark green”, carpets feature jute (the same material used for burlap, comprising one of the softest natural carpets) natural fiber backings, held in place with natural rubber

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