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44 PROFESSIONAL WOMAN’S MULTICULTURAL MAGAZINE


STEM: Good Jobs Now and For the Future


S


cience, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) workers drive our nation’s innovation and competitiveness by generating new ideas, new


companies and new industries. However, U.S. businesses frequently voice con- cerns over the supply and availability of STEM workers. Over the past 10 years, growth in STEM jobs was three times as fast as growth in non-STEM jobs. STEM workers are also less likely to experience joblessness than their non- STEM counterparts. Science, technology, engineering and mathematics workers play a key role in the sustained growth and stability of the U.S. economy, and are a critical component to helping the U.S. win the future.


„ In 2010, there were 7.6 million STEM workers in the United States, representing about 1 in 18 workers.


„ STEM occupations are projected to grow by 17.0 percent from 2008 to 2018, compared to 9.8 percent growth for non-STEM occupations.


„ STEM workers command higher wages, earning 26 percent more than their non-STEM counterparts.


„ More than two-thirds of STEM workers have at least a college degree, compared to less than one-third of non-STEM workers.


„ STEM degree holders enjoy higher earnings, regardless of whether they work in STEM or non-STEM occupations.


Source: Economics and Statistics Administration


CAREERS IN GOVERNMENT


themselves—loud and clear. But so does the research about what is needed to en- gage girls in STEM learning,” said Dr. Linda Rosen, CEO of Change the Equa- tion, a non-profit, non-partisan, CEO-led initiative focused on solving America’s innovation problem. “Girls prefer cre- ative, collaborative learning on open-end- ed projects that help improve the human condition. An important part of Change the Equation’s mission is to help give more girls nationwide opportunities to en- gage in this type of learning.” Several possible factors contribute to the discrepancy of women and men in STEM jobs, including a lack of female role models, gender stereotyping, and less


family-friendly flexibility in the STEM fields. Yet regardless of the causes, the findings of this report offer important evi- dence to inform policy efforts to encour- age and support women in STEM. Women in STEM: A Gender Gap to In-


novation is based on analysis to date from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Com- munity Survey and Current Population Survey. For the purposes of this report, STEM jobs are defined to include profes- sional and technical support occupations in the fields of computer science and mathematics, engineering, and life and physical sciences. The STEM occupation list contains 50 detailed occupation codes. Source: commerce.gov


CELEBRATING 11 YEARS OF DIVERSITY


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