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Passion Islam I January 2010 SPECIAL FEATURE I 21
that one should fast two days: the was established during the days of impermissible. Even Sayyidna
9th an 10th of Muharram or the the Holy Prophet much earlier than Husain shortly before his demise,
10th and 11th of it. The reason of the birth of Sayyidna Husain. had advised his beloved sister
this additional fast as mentioned by On the contrary, it is one of the Sayyidah Zainab not to mourn over
the Holy Prophet is that the Jews merits of Sayyidna Husain that his his death in this manner. He said:
used to fast on the day of Ashurah martyrdom took place on the day of “My dear sister, I swear upon you
alone, and the Holy Prophet wanted Ashurah. that you, in case I die, shall not tear
to distinguish the Islamic-way of Another misconception about your clothes, nor scratch your face,
fasting from that of Jews. Therefore, the month of Muharram is that it nor curse anyone for me or pray for
he advised the is an evil or unlucky month, for your death”.
Muslims to add another fast to Sayyidna Husain was killed in it. It It is evident from this advice of
that of Ashurah. is for this misconception that people Sayyidna Husain that this type of
Some traditions signify another avoid holding marriage ceremonies mourning is condemned even by the
feature of the day of Ashurah. in the month of Muharram. This is blessed person for the memory of
According to these traditions one again a baseless concept which is whom these mourning ceremonies
should be more generous to his contrary to the express teachings are held. Every Muslim should
family by providing more food to of the Holy Quran and the Sunnah. avoid this practice and abide by the
them on this day as compared to Such superstitions have been totally teachings of the Holy Prophet and
other days. These traditions are negated by the Holy Prophet . If his beloved grand child Sayyidina
not very authentic according to the death of an eminent person in Husain.
the science of Hadith. Yet, some a particular day renders that day
Scholars like Baihaqi and Ibn Hibban unlucky for all times to come, one Blessings of Muharram
have accepted them as reliable. can hardly find a day, free from this It is the first month of the Islamic
What is mentioned above is all bad luck, out of 365 days of the Calendar.
that is supported through authentic whole year, because each and every The meaning of the word:-
sources about Ashurah. day has a history of the demise of The word “Muharram” means
However, there are some legends some eminent person. The Holy “Forbidden.” Even before Islam,
and misconceptions with regard Quran and the Sunnah of the Holy this month was always known as a
to Ashurah that have managed to Prophet have made us free from scared month in which all unlawful
find their way into the minds of the such superstitious beliefs, and they acts were forbidden, prominently
ignorant, but have no support of should deserve no attention. the shedding of blood.
authentic Islamic sources, some Another wrong practice related to A blessing of Muharram:- There
very common of them are these: this month is to hold the lamentation are many bounties of this month,
This is the day in which Adam and mourning ceremonies in the especially the tenth of Muharram.
was created. This is the day in which memory of martyrdom of Sayyidna Two of the many virtues of the
Ibrahim was born. This is the day in Husain. 10th of Muharram:- On this day he
which Allah accepted the repentance As mentioned earlier, the event who spends more lavishly for the
of Sayyidina Ibrahim. This is the day of Karbala is one of the most tragic sake of his family members, Allah
on which the Qiyamah (dooms-day) events of our history, but the Holy Taala will bestow blessing upon the
will take place. Prophet has forbidden us from sustenance of the following year.
Whoever takes bath in the day of holding the mourning ceremonies Abu Qataada has related that
Ashurah will never get ill. on the death of any person. The the Prophet has reported to have
All these and other similar whims people of Jahiliyyah (Ignorance) said, It is my thought that by fasting
and fancies are totally baseless used to mourn over their deceased on the 10th of Muharram Allah Taala
and the traditions referred to in relatives or friends through loud will pardon the sins of the past year.
this respect are not worthy of any lamentations, by tearing their (Tirmizi)
credit. clothes and by beating their cheeks
Some people take it as Sunnah and chests. The Holy Prophet Events of Muharram
to prepare a particular type of meal stopped the Muslims from doing all Hadhrat Hussain was martyred in
in the day of Ashurah. This practice, this and directed them to observe this month.
too, has no basis in the authentic patience by saying “Inna lillaahi wa Shaykhain Tirmizi & Haakim has
Islamic sources. innaa ilayhi raaji oon”. A number of narrated from Anas that the following
Some other people attribute authentic hadith are available on the verse: “Allah may forgive thee of thy
the sanctity of Ashurah to the subject. sins that which is past and that which
martyrdom of Sayyidina Husain To quote only one of them: “He is to come.” (Al-Fath) was revealed
during his battle with the Syrian is not from our group who slaps on the 10th of Muharram.
army. No doubt, the martyrdom of his cheeks, tears his clothes and The Prophet Muhammed went
Sayyidina Husain is one of the most cries in the manner of the people of to defeat Bani Muhaarin and Bani
tragic episodes of our history. Yet, jahiliyyah.” Tha’laba (Tribes of Bani Gatfan) in
the sanctity of Ashurah cannot be All the authentic jurists are the year 4 A.H. (Asahhus-siyar)
ascribed to this event for the simple unanimous on the point that the
reason that the sanctity of ‘Ashurah mourning of this type is absolutely
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