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Passion Islam I April 2009 SPECIAL FEATURE I 23
us suffered what they suffered. They were patient. And then we were tested ears to not listen to those lullabies of the
however came away with the pleasure with prosperity and we were not patient. Devil. And you must have Sabr in not
of Allah, Subhaanahu wa Ta’Aala. Because of this Allah states: disobeying Allah.
Al Hasan ibn Arafah narrated, “I Sabr in what Allah Decrees on us.
visited Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal after he [O ye who believe! Let not your For example, if our child was to pass
was whipped and tortured. I said to him, wealth or your children divert you away we should be patient and seek the
“O Abu Abdillaaah, you have reached from the remembrance of Allah. And reward of Allah in our patience and say
the station of the Prophets!” He said, whosoever does that, then they are the only that which is pleasing to Allah.
“Keep quiet. Verily, I saw nothing more losers.] - Munafiqun 63/9 There are two keys. If we understand
than people selling their Deen. And I them we shall open the door to Sabr in
saw scholars that were with me sell Patience must happen from the our lives:
their Faith. So I said to myself, ‘Who am beginning, not three days later or one The First Key: know that our souls,
I, what am I. What am I going to say to day later, at the first news of the calamity, families and wealth do not belong to us,
Allah tomorrow when I stand in front of when it first happens. The Prophet (SAL they belong to Allah. He gave it to us as
Him and He ask me, “Did you sell your ALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM) said, a loan to see what we would do with it.
Deen like the others did?” So I looked “Verily patience (is only Sabr when And when he takes it back He is taking
at the whip and the sword and chose practiced) at the first hit (of news).” back what belongs to Him. We had
them. And I said, “If I die I shall return to There are things that contradict nothing before the blessing and we’ll
Allah and say: ‘I was told to say that one Sabr. Tearing ones shirt, for example, have nothing after it. We did not create
of Your Characteristics was something slapping ones face, slapping hands, the blessing from nothing, so how can
created but I did not.’ After that, it will shaving ones head, and cursing and we claim that it belongs to us.
be upto Him - either to punish me of be wailing. Umm Salamah narrates: I heard The Second Key: We are on a
Merciful on me.” the Messenger of Allah (SAL ALLAHU journey and the destination is the
Al-Hasan ibn Arafah then asked, ALAYHI WA SALLAM) say, “Any Muslim hereafter - Paradise or Hell. We’ll be
“Did you feel pain when they whipped that says when a calamity befalls him leaving the Dunya behind us and we’ll
you?” He said “Yes, I felt the pain up to that which Allah commanded him: To come back to Allah by ourselves. This
20 lashes then I lost all feeling (They Allah we belong and to him we return. is what needs our focus. And if Allah is
whipped him over eighty times). After it O Allah reward me in this calamity and pleased with us then no worry. If He is
was over I felt no pain and that day I give me better then it - (any Muslim that not pleased with us then all worry.
prayed Dhurhr standing.” says this) Allah will grant him better than Let me draw your attention to a
Al-Hasan ibn Arafah started weeping (that which he lost).” - Muslim verse. Listen carefully. Allah revealed:
when he heard what had happened. These tests and hardships wash our [Guard strictly the (five obligatory)
Imam Ahmad questioned him, “Why are sins. Aisha (RADI ALLAHU ANHA) said, prayers, especially the middle Salah
you crying? I did not lose my Eeman. “Verily fever sheds sins like a tree sheds and stand before Allah in obedience.]-
After that why should I care if I loose my leaves.” alBaqarah 2/238
life.” They were better than us but this The hardships that befall us The verses before this deal with
was how they were tested. distinguish the believers from the divorce. The verses after it deal with
Let us discuss some facts about insincere. Shumayt ibn Ajlaan said, “The divorce. Why was this verse placed in the
these tests of life, the good and the bad pious and the ungrateful are hidden by middele. The Ulama’ have suggested,
that befalls us: health. Yet when calamities befall the Wa Allaahu a’lam, that in the hard times
Much of what befalls us - the hard two men are separated (by how they that a person goes through they should
times - is the direct result of our own react).” not forget the rememberance of Allah,
sins. Allah Ta’aala says [And whatever Allah says in the Quran [Alif/Laam/ the Salah. And it is that Salah coupled
misfortune befalls you it is because of Meem..Do people think that they will with Sabr that will pull them through.
what your hands have earned. And He be left alone because they say, “We [O you who believe! Seek Help in
pardons much.] - Sura 42/30 believe,” and will not be tested? Indeed Patience and Salah. Truly, Allah is with
Muhammad ibn Seereen used to say We tested those who (lived) before those that are patient.]-Baqarah 2/153
when his debts piled up and he felt sad, them] Al-Ankaboot 29/1-3 There is good news for those
“I know that the cause of this sadness is who intend to act on their Sabr. Allah
a sin I committed over 40 years ago.” Towards Sabr promised them three things: His prayer
People understand that when for them, His Mercy, and their guidance.
something bad happens it is a test from Ali (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) said, “Verily [Who, when afflicted with calamity say,
Allah. But , the good things that happen Sabr is to Eeman what the head is to “Truly, to Allah we belong and truly, to
to us are also a test. the body. When the head is cut off, the Him we shall return.”/They are those
Allah ta’aala says [And we tested body falls. (He then raised his voice) on whom the Salawat (i.e. the blessing
them with good (blessings) and evil Verily there is no Eeman for he who has and forgiveness) of their Lord is upon
(calamities) in order that they might turn no Sabr (patience).” them, and who shall receive His Mercy,
back] - A’raf 7/168 There are three types of Sabr that and it is they who are the guided ones]
Abd alMalik ibn Ishaq said, “There is the Muslim must have: a. Sabr in the -Baqarah 2/157
no one that is not tested with health and obedience of allah. For example, One Allah says [And We made from
prosperity to measure how thankful he must be patient and perform their Fajr among them leaders, giving guidance
is (Shukr).” at it’s time. under Our Command, when they were
Sabr in not disobeying Allah. patient.]-asSajdah 32/24.
And the Companion - AbdurRahman Like someone might say, “I have to Sufyan ibn Uyaynah commented,
ibn ‘Awf (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) said, listen to music in the car.” No you are “i.e. When they took hold of the leading
“We were tested with hardship and commanded by He who gave you those issue, we made them leaders!”
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