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Energy supply in Latin America Percentage


Other sources 1.4% Geothermal 0.5%


Sustainable fuelwood 6.0%


Latin America and the Caribbean, 2007


2007 2000


Trinidad and Tobago Venezuela (Bolivarian Rep. of) Sugarcane products 6.6%


Argentina Mexico Ecuador Jamaica Cuba


Other non-renewable sources 1.0%


Non sustainable fuelwood 2.0%


Coal 5.0% Nuclear 0.8%


Renewables 23.1% Hydropower 8.5%


Bolivia (Plurinational State of)


Panama Chile


Colombia Uruguay Costa Rica


Dominican Rep. Peru Brazil


Natural gas 26.3% Oil 41.7% 0


Source: UN and ECLAC, on OLADE statistical information database, 2007.


Figure 3.15


In 2007, 15.8% of the supply of primary energy in Latin America and the Caribbean came from renewable fuels and waste (solid and liquid biomass, biogas, and industrial and urban waste). This is higher than the worldwide average of 9.5% for the same year. Of the region’s countries, Haiti, Paraguay Nicaragua and Guatemala each obtain more than 50%


10 20


El Salvador Honduras Guatemala Nicaragua Paraguay Haiti


30 40 50 60 70 80


Use of renewable fuels and waste for electricity generation


In percentages of total energy use


Source: World Bank, online database, accessed in July 2010. Figure 3.16


of their primary energy from renewable fuels and waste (figure 3.16). However, this figure includes the use of fuelwood for cooking, a practice that causes increased deforestation.


31


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