Agriculture is a major contributor to Uganda’s economy. It accounts for approximately 75 per- cent of the total labour force, 25 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 50 percent of total exports. Women provide over half of agricultural labour, focusing mainly on food rather than cash crop production. Approximately 70 percent of agri- cultural production is for subsistence purposes.
Uganda’s agriculture faces several challenges, which impede the sector from realising its full potential contribution to the national economy. Loss in soil productivity results in income loss to farmers in the range of Uganda USD 39 to 56 per hectare per year.4
Growing population pressure on
natural resources and traditional farming methods exert tremendous pressure on agricultural produc- tivity through their effects on deforestation, wet- land degradation, soil erosion, and water and land pollution.5
In addition, failure to prioritise the ag-
ricultural sector in national and local planning and resource allocation causes the decline in agricul- tural productivity.