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It is clear from the fragile recovery of mountain gorilla populations that success is possible, but equally clear that the resources being directed at other gorilla populations are not equal to the task.

RECOMMENDATIONS 1

Strengthen MONUC by expanding its mandate to secure full control of border crossings, by any means necessary, with regard to the export of illegally exploited natural resourc- es, that are financing the conflict, in full collaboration with and assisting the national customs authority to intervene and halt trans-national environmental crime, in close coordination with appropriate national and international bodies.

Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya, including coordination with MONUC, the Lusaka Agreement Task Force and relevant law enforcement agencies.

Mobilize resources for trans-boundary collaboration and coordination, including all aspects of transnational envir - onmental crime and investigation from source to end-user outside the region – including investigations of complicit companies in recipient countries, especially but not limited to the EU, USA, People’s Republlic of China and the rest of Asia – in order to monitor the origin and halt the purchase of illegally exploited and smuggled minerals and timber from the Congo Basin.

2 3

Mobilize funding for judicial training and cross-bound- ary training of judicial staff in national and transnational environmental crime in gorilla range states to assist in bring- ing successful prosecutions.

4 8

Enhance support for close coordination and trans-bound- ary collaboration among parks in DRC, Burundi, Rwanda,

Strengthen long term training programmes in law en- forcement for park rangers and wildlife managers across the region including those working outside of parks, for ex- ample in community reserves, with particular reference to anti- poaching, monitoring, scene of crime investigation and intel- ligence gathering.

5

Promote the essential role that local, national and inter- national law enforcement and anti-corruption plays in ensuring the success of rainforest protection and climate mitiga- tion efforts under REDD+ and source specific finance for these measures through UNEP, UNODC, LATF and INTERPOL.

6

Strengthen the collaboration of UNEP, UN office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC), UN Department of Peace Keeping Ope- rations (DPKO), CITES, World Customs Organization (WCO) and INTERPOL on trans-national environmental crime – including il- legal trade in valuable natural resources such as minerals, wood products and wildlife – by, for example, secondment of experienced officers to help investigate cases and bring about prosecutions.

7 8

Support the need for strengthened funding for gorilla research and survey data. The report, compiling some of the most recent data and information from a variety of sources, clearly highlights the lack of accurate survey data in parts of the regions within the 10 gorilla range states.

9

Establish a fund for supporting trans-boundary investigation and collaboration on trans-national environmental crime.

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