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James Andrews Abbott. The firm's An upper body formed a cover over a
address was Merchants Quay, Dublin. crate for sections and could be
The advertisement makes no mention reversed to give extra protection to the
of Southall. brood chamber in winter. A peaked
roof completed the hive with aTHE CDB HIVE
ventilator cone at the front and a
perforated zinc square at the rear. TheThe advertisement also states that the
bees were covered with a canvas quiltCongested Districts Board (CDB) hive
was designed by ‘us’. According to and with woollen material in winter. A
JK Watson, CN Abbott was technical perforated zinc queen excluder
adviser to the Congested Districts completed the outfit.
Board when it was established in Abbott Brothers was the main
1891. The Board remained in being contractors in the 1890s for the supply
until 1923 when it was merged into of hives to the Congested Districts
the Department of Agriculture and Board. The hive incorporated the
Technical Instruction for Ireland. There broad-shouldered Abbott frame which
were Congested Districts Boards in was patented by Stephen Walter CP Abbott with his nephew Stephen
Wales and Scotland too, where similar Abbott in 1887. The frame spacing was reviewing plans for the refurbishment
conditions existed with a largely rural provided at the ends of the top bar of his factory in Southall
population living on limited and not on the side bars as in the
cultivatable land. Only the Irish Board Hoffman frame. Andrews Abbott had his bee appliance
was sufficiently involved in beekeeping business. In the First World War,
to have a hive designed for West of During the 1890s, Abbott Brothers was Charles enlisted in the Army Service
Ireland conditions. listed at 23 Merchants Quay as fancy Corps and was sent to France. He was
wood-ware and beehiveThe CDB hive had a floor fitted with a subsequently granted a short service
manufacturers. A firm called Liptonfour-inch-square winter ventilator commission in the Royal Irish Rifles
Ltd, naval and army contractors,which could be closed in summer. It serving in Palestine and, on transfer to
occupied the ground floor. Thehad four splayed legs and a flight the Indian Army in India, went to Iraq
property is shown with a respectableboard. Its brood body (chamber) held and the Indian North West frontier.
rateable value of £76.11 combs ‘warm way’. Under the comb
Like his grandfather CN Abbott,lugs the hive was double-walled but The 1911 Irish census describes James
CP Abbott took advantage ofthe front and back sides were a single aged 55 as a widower living there with
opportunities as they presentedthickness of wood. his two Dublin-born sons Charles (17)
themselves. In 1921 he resigned hisand James (15). They were shown as
A porch with door sliders was fitted commission, married and settled inliterate members of the Anglican
and a padded dummy board permitted Southall to became a building andChurch.
the brood nest to be contracted if not sanitary inspector.
all the combs were occupied by bees. The census return describes James He then saw that the expanding motor
and his two sons as electricians and trade offered a new business field so,
The CDB hive was designed by the does not mention their beekeeping in 1928, he founded the successful
Abbott brothers for Irish beekeeping activities. At this time in Dublin, the Iron Bridge Service Depot from whose
use of electricity was expanding management he retired in 1962. By
rapidly. The first electric trams hady 1939 he was also involved with his
al started to run in 1896 and the majorC
nephew Stephen Abbott in improvingle
a generating station at the Pigeon House h the premises of a new company,
M on the mouth of the Liffey wasy Abbott Brothers (Southall) Ltd,
b h commissioned in 1903.
pa manufacturers of Abbess Officer
o In 1915 James Abbott was still living in Furniture. h
p l
a Dublin but by 1917 he had moved and ni Some time after 1941, CP Abbott saw
o the property is listed by Thom asn the use of cinematography as a means
m tenements. I have not found a recordor of presenting beekeeping to the wider
f ,
e in 1924 of James’s death, or his will. ti public. In this he collaborated with
Dr Colin Butler, FRS, of the bees’ CHARLES PRYCE ABBOTT
na department of Rothamsted Research
su Charles Pryce Abbott (1893–1973) and Station. He also was able to use the
C e
va his brother James Pryce Abbott (1895– then new technology for amateur
mo 1962) were born and educated in sound films. Ten years later, with Colin r
f e
g Dublin where their father James Butler, he made a film on thea
Page 36 Bee Craft digital January 2009
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