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Sports venues need to consider how to keep people safe from potential terrorist activity, says the Sports Grounds Safety Authority.

THE Sports Grounds Safety Authority is the UK Government’s expert body on safety at sports grounds. We write guidance including the Guide to

Safety at Sports Grounds (the Green Guide) and carry out a range of statutory functions in relation to football in England and Wales and advisory functions in relation to other sports both within the UK and internationally. Our purpose is to ensure sports grounds are

safe for everyone. We do this by sharing knowledge, advice and guidance on safety design and management and by working in partnership to educate and influence. Since 2011, when our remit was widened

and we changed from being the Football Licensing Authority to the Sports Grounds Safety Authority (SGSA), we have shared our expertise and support in an advisory capacity with other sports and across the world. Sport is an essential part of our national

culture and thanks to the dedication and commitment of all those that work in sports grounds safety, the UK is one of the safest places in the world in which to watch live sport. However, keeping people safe requires constant vigilance and safety professionals must be alert to the ever-changing threats and risks. Much has changed in the last 12 months and

there has been a renewed focus on keeping people safe wherever they are. The UK has faced several terrorist attacks and the national

threat level from international terrorism went to CRITICAL twice in 2017; following the Manchester Arena and the Parson’s Green attacks. Sports grounds and venues need to consider how to keep people safe from potential terrorist activity as well as the more familiar trips, slips and falls. The national threat level is set by the M15

Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC) and is published on the public facing MI5 website. Threat levels are designed to give a broad

indication of the likelihood of a terrorist attack. • LOWmeans an attack is unlikely. • MODERATEmeans an attack is possible, but not likely

• SUBSTANTIALmeans an attack is a strong possibility

• SEVEREmeans an attack is highly likely • CRITICALmeans an attack is expected imminently The UK has been operating at SEVERE since

August 2014 and the UK faces a real threat from terrorism and crowded places remain an attractive target. Crowded places include shopping centres,

sports stadia, leisure facilities, bars, pubs and clubs which are easily accessible to the public and attractive to terrorists. Sports and recreation venues should consider

the safety of people from all risks including those from terrorism. Venues will benefit from having better security in place in general, not just from 21

terrorist activity but from other criminal activity. Operators should consider the car park areas

as well as the buildings themselves. Good lighting and CCTV can be effective, and consideration given to secure the perimeter of the site. Hostile vehicle mitigation can help mitigate against the use of a terrorist attack as well as someone using a vehicle as a weapon. Venues that hold specific chemicals should consider how secure they are and in particular

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