system that provides an efficient and effective way to review footage selected by the teacher. It is argued that because the cameras are permanently on, they become invisible as teachers forget about them; they capture normalised teaching rather than record a ‘performance’ for the allotted time designated for observation. The individual teacher’s ownership of the video footage is illustrated by selecting who (if anyone) has access, and a convenient app which enables them to turn the audio and camera on or off if required. Aside from negating the restrictions and inconvenience of arranging cover to enable colleagues to be physically in the classroom, LessonVU provides perspectives which are simply not possible from the typical vantage point sat at the back of a classroom. After many years of teaching, it is often hard to carry out a good review of what you have always done. Or, if required, schools can bring in support from other members of staff or external consultants to help with the review.

Of course, pedagogy also includes how the teacher interacts with students. For example, one day one of the teachers in a school was busy, diligently delivering the lesson. The class had been given their activity and were on task. The teacher was walking around the class, helping students as she went. The 360 video observation gave a complete view of the whole class. What I observed was that when a child’s hand went up the teacher would move over to them to help. Another hand would go up and she would move on to the next child.

Firstly, there will always be some children who won’t be working and will just put up their hand to ‘kill’ time. Secondly, it is important to know each child and their needs. Some will need directive advice, while others may just need a few words or ideas as a catalyst to ignite their own thoughts.

It is also important for a teacher to return to the student who has sought help, after the support has been given, to ensure the advice had helped and that the child is responding. If the advice hasn’t been understood and implemented, it has been useless.

A small change in teaching pedagogy can 26 September 2017

generate a significant increase in the return on teaching time invested.

Another powerful skill that Dr Warren encourages teachers to look for in their self- reviews is what he terms “‘with-it’ness”; this is about ensuring that they are respected as an authoritative figure. An example of this is a normal classroom environment, with the teacher wandering around while the children are working on a given activity. One student puts their hand up. The teacher moves over to the help this child while others carry on with the task at hand. A teacher who is ‘with it’ will position themselves so that while they’re talking to the child, they will see, for example, that another student keeps getting up to sharpen their pencil. The question that must be asked is, for example, ‘John are you OK?’ This conveys to the class the teacher is ‘with it’. It’s about their positioning and awareness of what is going on in the class and subsequently convey this to the other students. When watching this lesson on video, it is easier for the teacher to see ‘John’ and how important it would have been

for them to have made it clear to him and the rest of the class that she had spotted him. Once teachers become familiar with the art of reviewing, they start to become reflective themselves; they are soon able to deconstruct the lesson and articulate to themselves what they did, and might do differently.

After a while, all staff become really familiar with the review process, and it becomes less threatening. They should then be able to use their knowledge and prompts to effectively refine their teaching pedagogy.

Using the 360-degree video technology with an understanding of how to self-review helps teachers to deconstruct and articulate what they and their pupils do; providing a platform for self- reflection and coaching which contributes to purposeful planning and improved student outcomes.

Getting the review process right is vital. If you would like help to develop your school’s lesson self-review processes then please contact us by emailing

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