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FEATURE HVAC


Keeping your cool while cutting your costs: Optimising processes in a refrigeration plant


There are many uncontrollable factors that can affect our sleep. Luckily, in today’s technologically equipped world, there is one factor that we can control: temperature. For refrigeration plants, sustaining the right temperature is essential for the flow of production but costly in terms of utilities usage. Here, Gernut van Laak, of ABB’s food and beverage business, explains why food manufacturers should optimise their processes to reduce energy consumption


S


cientific research has found that temperature can affect the quality of


our sleep, with experts advising that it’s best to keep the room at between 18 and 22 0


are required to maintain a specific temperature for the production and storage of products, to ensure and preserve product quality. Failure to provide the necessary


temperature conditions for a food item has a direct influence on the product, which can be hazardous to consumers. For example, in the meat industry, inadequate chilling of cooked meat or failure to maintain the cold chain can lead to microbiological growth, making the product no longer safe for consumption. To ensure compliance with food safety


regulations and reduce the volume of waste in a food processing plant, eliminating the risk of bacterial contamination is at the forefront of every manager’s mind. For refrigeration plants, being able to continuously provide efficient cooling is not only important, it’s an expectation.


THE INDUSTRIAL ENERGY PROBLEM Operating all year round to provide the required storage conditions to meet production demands, refrigeration is one of the biggest consumers of energy in a refrigeration plant. From his experience at ABB Gernut van Laak, points out, “refrigeration is responsible for up to 40 to 50 per cent of a manufacturing plant’s energy use.” Currently, the industrial sector accounts for 54 per cent of the world’s total delivered energy. This is more energy than any other end-use sector. Reducing the energy consumption of your refrigeration plant is just one way of cutting production costs and should, therefore, for many plants be made a greater priority to address. Reducing energy demand and


22 WINTER 2018/19 | ENERGY MANAGEMENT Celsius. Similarly, refrigeration plants


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Refrigeration plants firstly need to ensure that they are cooling to the temperature needed and not exceeding the requirements. It’s estimated that for every one degrees Celsius saved, energy consumption is reduced by two per cent. The overloading of mechanical


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improving efficiency also enhances the life expectancy of equipment. This means the chances of unplanned downtime or interruption to production are reduced and manufacturers can ensure continuous cooling functionality in their plant. As a company, ABB believe the first


step to optimising a refrigeration plant’s energy is by conducting a complete factory assessment. The assessment should include details on the plant’s current operating conditions and the collation of the plant’s measurement and performance data. This information can then be analysed to improve the overall output and energy usage of the refrigeration plant.


Figure 1:


ABB look at where and how energy can be saved across the processcooling system


components, for example the compressor, is one of many regular causes of temperature control system failures. This is usually the result of a process cooling system’s maximum temperature being specified as too low. After the energy assessment is


complete, ABB look at where and how energy can be saved. Using variable speed drives (VSDs) and high efficiency motors, such as its synchronous


reluctance motor and drive packages on distribution pumps, fans, and


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“Refrigeration plants firstly need to ensure that they are cooling to the


temperature needed and not exceeding the requirements. It’s estimated that for every one degrees Celsius saved, energy


consumption is reduced by two per cent.” o


compressors is one of the most efficient ways to save energy. The control and use of compressors is another area. Cooling towers are another area where using a direct-drive motors and VSDs to replace the traditional shaft & gearbox drivetrain can save not only energy, but also reduce maintenance and even sound levels. At some point in our lives, we’ve all experienced the feeling of exhaustion. While this isn’t good for our health, we are responsible for taking the steps to improve the quality of our sleep. For food manufacturers, the quality of a food product is important, and caution must be given.


By taking the necessary steps to


optimise a refrigeration plant’s processes, managers will not only reduce their p b s f r


ABB


A h T


https://new.abb.com/food-beverage T: 01925 741111


plant’s carbon emissions and utility costs, but also enable it to provide a sustainable temperature across the facility, reducing the product waste as a result.


/ ENERGYMANAGEMENT


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