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specialist KW Special Projects, who will lead machine design, deposition technology integration

and software/process control development;

materials expert Lucideon, responsible for the formulation, characterisation and testing of materials and Xaar plc, world-leaders in the development of piezoelectric drop-on-demand inkjet technologies. Xaar will lead the printhead technology selection and development. Independent Research and Technology Organisation the Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC) is also involved and will lead the manufacturing process development and testing.

Lucideon is part of a new £900,000+ research project, led by KW Special Projects (KWSP) and funded by the UK’s innovation agency Innovate UK, that is set to rethink the additive manufacture of ceramics. Called CerAMake, the project aims to exploit existing deposition technologies to provide improved properties via a scalable ceramic binder jetting platform. The outcome should bring significant competitive advantage to the UK’s commercial pottery sector, refractory filter market and wider industry for additive manufactured ceramics.

Adopting additive manufacturing (AM) techniques offers several benefits over many conventional production methods, including digital production flexibility, reduced material waste and greater design freedom. It also offers the potential to create complex parts without tooling and precise material control. However, at present the widespread adoption of ceramic AM technology is hindered by problems with material performance, process reliability and cost.

The CerAMake project will deliver by bringing together digital manufacturing

The project is also fortunate to have three end-users within the consortium in Birmingham-based Precision Ceramics, CAT International and Emma Bridgewater, a highly respected, Stoke-based, traditional manufacturer of decorative and practical homewares. Together, they will help guide development of the technology into three key applications, as well as providing early routes to market.

CerAMake will apply advanced material characterisation and evaluation techniques, provided by Lucideon, to validate the suitability of the material throughout the process chain, providing a baseline chemistry applicable to a wide variety of ceramic materials. This will result in the first ceramic AM technology capable of achieving high density complex parts, at viable volumes, for multiple market sectors.

Kieron Salter, CEO and founder of KWSP, said: “This new integrated material and process capability represents a major step change in the UK ceramics industry - acting as an enabler for increased uptake of ceramic AM in the UK and leading to higher levels of confidence and investment. This will boost the productivity and competitiveness of the partners in the project and maintain the UK AM sector’s leading position.”

MARCH 2019 CRUDE STEEL PRODUCTION World crude steel production for the 64 countries

reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 155.0 million tonnes (Mt) in March 2019, a 4.9% increase compared to March 2018.

World crude steel production was 444.1 Mt in the first three months of 2019, up by 4.5% compared to the same period in 2018. Asia produced 312.9 Mt of crude steel, an increase of 7.0% over the first quarter of 2018. The EU produced 42.3 Mt of crude steel in the first quarter of 2019, down by 2.0% compared to the same quarter of 2018. North America’s crude steel production in the first three months of 2019 was 30.7 Mt, an increase of 4.0% compared to the first quarter of 2018.

China’s crude steel production for March 2019 was 80.3 Mt, an increase of 10.0% compared to March 2018. India produced 9.4 Mt of crude steel in March 2019, down 1.0% on March 2018. Japan produced 9.1 Mt of crude steel in March 2019, unchanged from what it produced in March 2018. South Korea’s crude steel production stood at 6.3 Mt, up 2.8% on March 2018.

200 Crude steel production 12










ROW March 2018.

In the EU, Italy’s crude steel production for March 2019 was 2.3 Mt, down by 0.3% on March 2018. France produced 1.4 Mt of crude steel in March 2019, an increase of 2.3% compared to March 2018. Spain produced 1.4 Mt of crude steel in March 2019, an increase of 5.9% on March 2018.

The US produced 7.8 Mt of crude steel in March 2019, a 5.7% increase on 14

Crude steel production in Ukraine stood at 2.0 Mt in March 2019, up 15.0% on March 2018.

Brazil’s crude steel production for March 2019 was 2.8 Mt, down by 8.6% on March 2018.

Turkey’s crude steel production for March 2019 was 3.0 Mt, down by 11.7% on March 2018.



World (%)

ROW (%)

China (%)

Growth (% y-on-y)

Production (Mt)

Oct-17 Nov-17 Dec-17 Jan-18 Feb-18 Mar-18 Apr-18 May-18 Jun-18 Jul-18 Aug-18 Sep-18 Oct-18 Nov-18 Dec-19 Jan-19 Feb-19 Mar-19

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