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pecting public.

In the event that an incident does occur involving the general public where none of the warning or caution signs listed above are in place, the liability for any subsequent personal injury or property damage will generally fall to the owner of the facility and the operator of the helicopter. This has been the case in several actual court cases. Judges and juries have found for the plaintiffs in several of these cases, citing a lack of due diligence in alerting the public to the hidden hazards surrounding a heliport.

One particular problem that has been identified in the industry is that,

while there are signs currently on the market that addresses many of the haz- ards listed, there have been few, if any, that meet the current Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) requirements for clearly identifying the hidden hazards associated with the heliport environment. It was for this reason that the National EMS Pilots Association (NEMSPA) initiated their “Heliport Safety Sign Campaign” at the Air Medical Transport Conference in San Jose, California in October of 2009. The primary goal of this campaign is to educate facilities with a heliport regarding what signs they should utilize to enhance safety and reduce liability at each of these locations. And, at the risk of this article sounding like a prolonged advertisement, the secondary goal was to design, manufacture and distribute a heliport safety sign to the industry that will be both effective and in compliance with the current OSHA/ANSI standards for safety signs. In collaboration with the FAA, DOT, insurance underwriters, safety directors, pilots and helicopter operators, NEMSPA has designed this sign to help fill this void. The sign shown in figure-5 is the result of several months of work and

research by a variety of agencies and individuals to provide a design that will help enhance safety for everyone. This new sign is meant to help protect the interests of facilities with heliports and to protect the public that we serve. For more information on this sign go to the NEMSPA web site at http://www.nemspa.org, and look for the sign.

PROPER PLACEMENT OF SIGNS IS JUST AS CRITICAL AS

THE SIGN ITSELF. INSTALLING ANY SIGN IN SUCH A WAY AS TO INTRODUCE A HAZARD INTO THE HELIPORT ENVIRONMENT COULD HAVE CATASTROPHIC CONSE- QUENCES.

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