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Passion Islam I March 2009 SPECIAL FEATURE I 23
and its requirements and the most the nafs and Satan, are the ones that then one becomes persistent, which
committed in servitude to Allah. do not leave the servant for even a means constant disobedience with
moment. Their enmity is more harmful the intention to perform the sin again
The Starter (Fatihah) of Tawbah to the servant than the enemies from and again. This by itself is another
Tawbah is the return of the servant to without. Attaining victory over such sin that could be far greater than the
Allah. It is also his turning away from enemies is more difficult, and the first. Part of the punishment for sin
the path of those with whom Allah is servant’s need for such a victory is far is that it leads to a greater sin, then
angry and those who are astray. This more important. The degree of help another, and so on until it completely
returning cannot be done except by rendered to defeat these enemies is and certainly destroys the person if
Allah’s guidance to the Straight Path. dependent upon the degree of our he does not repent.
The servant will not attain guidance dependence and holding onto Allah. If Persistence on sin is another sin.
except through Allah’s help and the we do not hold firmly to Allah, we will Not attempting to rectify the sin means
servant’s submithrough tawheed. go away from Allah’s protection. This persistence on it and satisfaction with
Suratul-Fatihah explains this concept is indeed the true loss. Allah could it. This is the sign of ruin. Worse than
in the most complete and eloquent have aided us in staying away from all of that, is the commission of sin in
manner. sins, however, because we deserted public when we are sure that Allah
Whoever appreciates Surat-ul- Him, we were allowed to listen to any watches and sees everything from
Fatihah and gives it is right estimate, obey our nafs. If He wished to protect above His Throne. If we believe that
through knowledge, contemplation us, the sin would not have found a Allah watches us, yet we proceed to
upon its facts and by living its way to get to us. commit sins publicly, this is a great
directives, will realise that one cannot When the servant becomes contradiction. But if we don’t believe
recite it, with the true recitation of a heedless of the consequences of sin, that He watches us, then we are
servant, unless one makes sincere he finds pleasure when he satisfies completely out of the realm of Islam.
tawbah. The perfect guidance to unlawful desires. This pleasure in There are two considerations
the Straight Path cannot be attained disobedience is evidence of his for a sinner: lack of embarrassment
with the indifference to sins or the ignorance of the Greatness of the from Allah knowing that Allah’s sight
persistence on sins. Indifference One of disobeys, and his ignorance watches over all, and lack of fear to
to sins negates the knowledge of of the evil consequences of sins and go out of the deen. Therefore, one
guidance. Persistent sinning negates evil actions. His pleasure with sin has of the conditions of the acceptance
the intention and the will of the servant. concealed all of this from his sight. of tawbah is that a person should
Thus, tawbah will not be valid except In fact, his pleasure with sin is more firmly believe that Allah was watching
after one recognises the sins, admits harmful to him than perpetrating the and that He will always watch over
to them and seeks to rid oneself of sin itself. The believer can never have him. He sees everything during the
their evil consequences. any pleasure from sin. He cannot perpetration of sins.
have complete satisfaction with it. The reality of tawbah is to return to
Seeking Refuge from Sin On the contrary, he would not Allah is not sound or complete without
The first aspect of tawbah, then, even pursue it, except with grief in the knowledge of the Lord’s names
is to see how one was taken away his heart. But the intoxication of the and attributes and their manifestations
from seeking the pleasure of Allah, desires obscures one from feeling this within Himself and in the world. The
by committing sins. Next, one has to remorse. When the heart becomes repenting servant should know that
recognize that Allah didn’t safeguard empty from such grief and one is he was running away from his Lord,
him from sin. One should also ponder happy with sin, then one should captured in the grip of his enemy. He
how happy one was while sinning question his faith and weep for the didn’t fall into the claws of his enemy
and being persistent on the sin, while death of his heart. If one were alive, except as a result of his ignorance of
knowing with surety that Allah ever he would be sad for the perpetration his Lord and his daring to go against
watches over whatever is done in of any sin, big or small. Him.
the heavens or on the earth. If the The evil effects of sin, more times He should know how and when he
servant had sought refuge in Allah, he than not, go unnoticed in us and in became ignorant, and how and when
would not have gone away from the our brothers and sisters in Islam. he was captured. He should believe that
guidance of obedience, “And whoever Diligences in constant self-evaluation tawbah requires great determination
holds firmly to Allah, then he is indeed is necessary in leading us away from and complete awareness to rescue
guided to a Right Path.” (3:101) sin and its destructive ends. One can himself from the enemy and be able
If one’s holding onto Allah is firm, do this by focusing on the following. to return and run back, to his Lord
one would never be forsaken by Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim. He should
Allah, “And hold firmly to Allah, He 1. The fear of dying before making realise that returning to his Lord is
is your Mawlaa (Protector) and what tawbah. actually turning away from the road
an excellent Mawlaa and what an 2. Remorse about the good that was of destruction, where his enemy had
excellent Naseer (Helper).” (22:78) missed because of the disobedience taken him.
In other words, whenever we of Allah. He should know the number of
hold firm to Him, He will become 3. Working seriously on regaining steps taken away from his Lord and
our Protector and He will support us what has been missed. the efforts and obstacles that he must
against our nafs (inclinations) and strongly work on to get back to the
the Shaytan. These two enemies, If one becomes completely heedless Straight Path.
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