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GRAY IRON VS. DUCTILE IRON


Metalcasting Plants by Nation Country


Austria Belgium


Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil


Canada* China


Croatia*


Czech Republic Denmark Finland France


Germany Hungary India Italy


Top 5 Producers of Iron Castings


Globally, 47% of iron castings produced are in gray iron, compared to 24% produced in ductile iron. But this type of disparity is not present in every country. Denmark, Finland, France, Norway, Portugal, Slovokia, the U.K. and the U.S. produce more ductile iron than gray iron.


Japan Korea


Mexico*


Mongolia** Norway Pakistan Portugal Romania Russia* Serbia


Slovakia Slovenia


South Africa Sweden


Switzerland Turkey


United Kingdom United States TOTALS


19 4


545 38 -


15 86 9


14 96


215 24 -


154 808 515 175 24 7


1,700 35 51 -


16 12 12 43 32 18


597


226s 643


4 7 6


39 7 3


Iron Steel Nonferrous Total 27


70 33 13


201 27 -


3


33 -


6


37 53 7 -


43 78


145 167 15 3


50 7


43 -


15 7 3


53 13 4


68 -


362 6,130 1,459 *2010 data ** 2009 data s = includes steel


579 110 -


24 59 11 16


311 344 36 -


914


1,227 230 339 3 8


150 39 55 -


17 32 50 84 72 50


395 210


1,005 6,371


1,325 175


30,000 42


178 20 36


444 612 67


4,500 1,111 2113 890 681 42 18


1,900 81


149


1,240 48 51 65


180 117 72


665 436


2,010 49,391


Gray iron (the calculation includes malleable iron) continues to be the largest contributing material to global production, at 47.3 million of the 98.6 million-ton total. Ductile iron remained close to 2010 levels and steel showed a slight decrease in tonnage, while nonferrous materials increased by more than 1 million metric tons.


28 | MODERN CASTING December 2012


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