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Notes
. “Priority issues in the Mediterranean environment”, un-report-predicts-worsening-supply-woes-10086.html
UNEP/European Environment Agency, 4/2006, page 7. (accessed 13 March 2009).
. Ibid, pages 25-26. Some 500 million tonnes of oil are . Water Wars: Part I – The Middle East”, BBC News,
transported by super-tankers across the Mediterranean March 15 2000: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_
every year. east/677547.stm (accessed 13 March 2009).
. Nicole Itano, “The storied Mediterranean faces climate . Agence France Presse, “$33 bln Libyan scheme stirs
change”, Christian Science Monitor, January 14, 2008: debate », March 18 2009.
http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0114/p01s03-woeu.
html (accessed 9 March 2009). . Ivan Watson, “Libya Realizes Part of Its Great Pipe
Dream”, National Public Radio, September 11 2007:
. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report, IPCC, 2007, http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?
page 30: http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ storyId=14296635 (accessed 21 March 2009).
ar4/syr/ar4_syr.pdf (accessed 8 March 2009).
. AFP, op. cit.
. Climate Change and Water, IPCC Technical Report VI,
June 2008, Page 25: http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/technical- 6. Christian Nellemenna et al, (eds.) The Environmental
papers/climate-change-water-en.pdf (accessed 7 March Food Crisis, UNEP/GRID, http://www.grida.no/_res/
2009). site/file/publications/FoodCrisis_lores.pdf (accessed 16
March 2009).
6. Paul Rincon, “Europe study shows climate risks”, BBC
News, October 27, 2008: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/ . J. B. Thornes, “The Evolving Context of Mediterrane-
hi/science/nature/4381960.stm (accessed 12 March an Desertification”, in N. A. Geesen, C. J. Bradt, and J. B.
2009). Thornes (eds.), Mediterranean Desertification, A Mosaic
of Processes and Responses, Wiley 2002, pp. 5-12.
. Steve Connor, “Global warming threatens drought for
Mediterranean”, October 28, 2005: http://www.inde- 8. On 10-11 December 2007 OSCE and NATO jointly
pendent.co.uk/environment/global-warming-threat- organized a workshop in Valencia in Spain entitled:
ens-drought-for-mediterranean-512876.html (accessed “Water Scarcity, Land Degradation and Desertification
11 March 2009). in the Mediterranean Region – Environment and Secu-
rity Aspects”.
8. Mostafa K. Tolba and Najib W. Saab (eds.), Arab En-
vironment Future Challenges, 2008 Report of the . The information is from the UN Convention on De-
Arab Forum for Environment and Development, pages sertification, reported by Environment News Services,
X and XI: http://www.afedonline.org/afedreport/ “Creeping Desertification: the Causes and Consequence
Full%20English%20Report.pdf (accessed 11 March of Poverty”, Bonn, June 18 2004: http://www.ens-news-
2009). wire.com/ens/jun2004/2004-06-18-06.asp ( accessed
18 February 2008).
. UNEP, “A Sustainable Future for the Mediterranean,
The Blue Plan’s Environment and Development Outlook”, 0. Peter H. Gleick, “Water and Conflict: Fresh Water Re-
Blue Plan, July 2006, page 7: http://www.planbleu.org/ sources and International Security”, International Secu-
red/pdf/red_resume_uk.pdf rity, Volume 18, Issue 1, Summer 1993, page 79.
0. The other three being Malta, Israel and Egypt. See . According to the former Soviet President Mikhail
Jacques Béthemont, “L’eau, le pouvoir, la violence dans Gorbachev, see “Water war leaves Palestine thirsty”,
le monde méditerranéen”, Hérodote, 2001, No. 103, BBC News, June 16 2003: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/
page 176. world/middle_east/2982730.stm
. Lauren Morello, “U.N. report predicts worsening fresh- . See, for example, Aaron T. Wolf, “Conflict and coopera-
water supplies”, New York Times, March 11, 2009: http:// tion along international waterways”, Water Policy, Vol-
www.nytimes.com/gwire/2009/03/11/11greenwire- ume 1, 1998, pages 251 and 258.

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