3. Reggane/In Ecker: French nuclear tests in the Sahara be- tion of 3 million hectares with Aleppo pine on an arid east-
tween 1960 and 1966 (17 tests, nuclear waste sites). The west stretch of pastureland.” (Mediterra 2009. Rethinking
Algerian nuclear programme continues; after building two rural development in the Mediterranean, Plan Bleu, Presses
nuclear research facilities close to Algiers in the 1980s, the de Sciences Po, CIHEAM, March 2009).
government plans to import French technology. According to 7. Rjim Maatoug: 2 500 hectares of palm trees planted. Crea-
Chakib Khellil, the Algerian Minister of Energy and Mines, tion of an oasis after the discovery of underground water
the first powerplant should be finished around 2020 and Al- reserves in the 1970s.
geria should to construct one every 5 years after that. 8. Lampedusa-Sicilian channel: immigration hotspot, hu-
4. Algeria plans to invest massively in solar technologies, manitarian black spot, with people dying as they attempt to
taking advantages of the intense solar radiation in the Sa- cross the channel or reach the Italian island of Lampedusa
hara. The resulting electricity could be exported to Europe. (similar but not cited by the participants: Ceuta and Melilla,
5. Lighted roadtrack (“piste du Tanedrouft”). two Spanish enclaves in Moroccan territory are also major
6. The Green Dam (1970-2000) consisted of “the reafforesta- “immigration hubs”).