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Contents WELCOME TO HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING 2019-20 A 4 Disaster recovery


Gemma Church investigates how HPC is helping real-time responses to global disasters


8 Sea of data


Robert Roe speaks to HPC cloud providers about the benefits of developing a cloud strategy for HPC


10 Powering research


Harry Richardson, chief scientist, SoſtIron explores the use of Ceph in some of the largest scientific applications


12


KATRIN cuts neutrino mass estimate


Researchers have announced research which reduces the mass estimate for the neutrino by 50 per cent


14 Exascale in Europe


Robert Roe looks at the development of exascale in Europe


18 Processing technology


Robert Roe explores the CPU options available to HPC users


22 Facilitating AI


Rob Johnson highlights the steps you should consider on the road to AI and how your existing HPC architecture can help you get there


24 News


A round-up of key news stories from throughout the year


s the HPC industry prepares for its annual trip to the US for SC19, held in Denver, we take a look at the developments in the HPC industry


over the last 12 months. On page 4 coverage begins with Gemma


Church, who explores the use of real-time data, combined with HPC to help increase the accuracy and efficiency of responses to disasters. Tis covers the VESTEC project from the EPCC which aims to harness the power of supercomputing to try to help those dealing with these disasters by facilitating near-real-time decision making. Te theme of real-world data continues


on page 8 with a case study from Magseis Fairfield and Panasas which explores the use of HPC storage technology in off-shore energy exploration. Tis kind of use case requires not only HPC performance but also rugged and reliable technology that can withstand operation at sea. On page 10 Harry Richardson from SoſtIron


highlights the use of Ceph in some of the world’s largest scientific applications. From CERN to Meerkat radio telescope CEPH is being used in applications that require data is not lost. Tere is another science-based story on page 12 as we report on the KATRIN project, which has announced research which reduces the mass estimate for the neutrino by 50 per cent. Exascale is the focus on page 14, with a look


at the development of exascale computing in Europe. Trough the development of home-grown processing technology and investment from EU member states Europe hopes to compete with the US and China in HPC. On page 18 we look at the development


of processing technologies as there has been an increase in the development of processors specifically tailored to HPC workloads. On page 22 Rob Johnson highlights how you can take existing infrastructure and adapt it to suit AI workloads.


EDITORIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE TEAM Managing editor: Tim Gillett (editor.scw@europascience.com) Editor: Robert Roe (editor.scw@europascience.com)


ADVERTISING TEAM Advertising sales manager: Jon Burrows (jon.burrows@europascience.com) Tel: +44 ((0)1223 221037


DESIGN TEAM Production manager: David Houghton (david.houghton@europascience.com) Tel: +44 (0)1223 221034 Senior graphic designer: Zoe Andrews (zoe.andrews@europascience.com) Tel: +44 (0)1223 221 035


CORPORATE TEAM Managing director: Warren Clark Web: www.scientific-computing.com


www.scientific-computing.com/hpc2019-20


SUBSCRIPTIONS: HPC 2018-19 is published by Europa Science Ltd, which also publishes Scientific Computing World. Free registration is available to qualifying individuals (register online at www.scientific-computing.com). Subscriptions £180 a year for six issues to readers outside registration requirements; single issue £30. Orders to ESL, SCW Circulation, 4 Signet Court, Swann Road, Cambridge CB5 8LA, UK. Tel: +44 (0)1223 211170. Fax: +44 (0)1223 213385. ©2016 Europa Science Ltd. Whilst every care has been taken in the compilation of this magazine, errors or omissions are not the responsibility of the publishers or of the editorial staff. Opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the publishers or editorial staff. All rights reserved. Unless specifically stated, goods or services mentioned are not formally endorsed by Europa Science Ltd, which does not guarantee or endorse or accept any liability for any goods and/or services featured in this publication.


US copies: Scientific Computing World (ISSN 1356-7853/USPS No 018-753) is published bi-monthly for £100 per year by Europa Science Ltd, and distributed in the USA by DSW, 75 Aberdeen Rd, Emigsville PA 17318-0437. Periodicals postage paid at Emigsville PA. Postmaster: Send address corrections to Scientific Computing World PO Box 437, Emigsville, PA 17318-0437.


Cover image and all other images: Shutterstock.com


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