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High-Performance Computing 2019-20 E


HPC Yearbook 19/20


urope has developed a strategy for exascale computing, through partnerships and collaboration of European HPC vendors, academic


institutions and HPC centres. It aims to deliver exascale-class systems and place the continent in the top three powers for supercomputing and science and industry using HPC. Developed through the European


Commission (EC) and its partners, the European High Performance Computing Joint Undertaking (EuroHPC) began in late 2018. A decision was agreed by 24 EU member


states and Norway to establish the EuroHPC JU, a public-private partnership between the EU and its participating countries, and two European HPC and big data industrial associations – ETP4HPC and BDVA. Te EuroHPC combines EU and national


funding with private resources to develop and maintain an integrated supercomputing and data infrastructure, and develop and support a highly competitive and innovative HPC ecosystem in Europe. Its goals are to increase competitiveness, reduce reliance on US technology, and acquire world- class supercomputers to help maintain EU leadership in HPC and other related markets.


with the member states will total around €1bn, of which €486m comes from the actions already planned by the EC in Horizon 2020 and Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) programmes in the current Multiannual Financial Framework. An additional €422m will come from private or industrial partners. Mariya Gabriel, European Commissioner


for digital economy and society, said: ‘Tese calls complement a substantial investment being made by the Joint Undertaking (JU) in Europe’s supercomputing infrastructure. ‘Tey will help the JU draw on skills and


knowledge of European SMEs and industry to put its ambitious plan in action and develop applications and services using this infrastructure. I look forward to seeing EU support for supercomputing continue under the next Multiannual Financial Framework, for 2021 to 2027,’ added Gabriel. EuroHPC selected eight sites in June for


supercomputing centres located in eight different member states to host the new high- performance computing machines. Tey are Sofia (Bulgaria), Ostrava (Czech Republic), Kajaani (Finland), Bologna (Italy), Bissen (Luxembourg), Minho (Portugal), Maribor (Slovenia), and Barcelona (Spain). Tey will support the development


These sites will give our researchers access to world-class supercomputers, a strategic resource for the future of European industry. They can process data inside the EU, not outside it


“ Te project aims to drive competence and


expertise through in scientific and industrial applications by investing in areas such as HPC Competence Centres facilitating access to the HPC ecosystem – particularly for SMEs – and developing advanced digital skills. Te first steps of EuroHPC were to


announce two pre-exascale machines by 2020, and another three or four petascale machines. Tese machines will be interconnected with the existing national supercomputers and will be made available throughout Europe, to public and private users. EuroHPC is supporting activities through


procurement and open calls in 2019 and 2020, and will initially operate until 2026. Te EuroHPC JU estimates initial co-investment


of major applications in domains such as personalised medicine, drug and material design, bio-engineering, weather forecasting and climate change. In total, 19 of the 28 countries participating in the Joint Undertaking will be part of the consortia operating the centres. Together with EU funds, it represents a total budget of €840m. Vice president for the digital single


market, Andrus Ansip, said: ‘Tese sites will give our researchers access to world-class supercomputers, a strategic resource for the future of European industry. Tey will be able to process their data inside the EU, not outside it. It is a major step forward for Europe to reach the next level of computing capacity; it will help us to advance in future-oriented technologies, like the Internet of Tings (Iot), AI, robotics and data analytics.’ As Ansip notes there are far-reaching


goals for this investment beyond the development of just a research computing or HPC infrastructure. Te intention is to provide Europe and its member states with the facilities and expertise so that it can lead the world in the development of high-tech industries. Whether this be in the development of HPC, AI or edge computing applications, such as IoT. Commissioner for budget and human


resources, Günther Oettinger, said: ‘Tis initiative demonstrates how joint investment between the EU and its member states


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