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Drug (and example trade names)


Pentobarbital (Nembutal)


Secobarbital (Seconal)


Butabarbital (Butisol)


Butalbital (Fiorinal)


Phenobarbital Ethanol Methanol


Isopropanol Acetone


Ethylene Glycol


Diazepam (Valium)


Oxazepam (Serax)


Common street names


Barbs, Dolls, Phennies, Red/BlueBirds, Tooties, Yellows Yellow jackets,


barbs, phennies, reds, red birds, yellow, yellow jacketsReds


Goof balls, Candy, Peanuts, Stoppers


Goof balls, Sleepers, Stoppers, Peanuts


Barbs, phennies, reds, red birds, yellows, yellow jackets


Booze, Hooch Wood alcohol Rubbing alcohol Antifreeze


Tranks, Downers, Poles, Totem Z-bars, Zannies, Vs, Yellow/ Blue Zs


Tranks, Downers, Blues, Yellows,


Alprazolam (Xanax)


Clonazepam (Klonopin)


Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)


Lorazepam (Ativan, Loraz)


Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol)


Tranks, Downers, Benzos, Poles, Totem Z-bars, Vs, Zannies, Yellow/Blue Zs.


Tranks, Downers, Blues, Yellows, bars, benzos, chill pills,


Tranks, Downers, Benzos, Poles, Totem Z-Bars, Vs, Yellow/ Blue Zs, Zannies.


Tranks, Downers, Benzos, Poles, Totem Z-bars, Yellow/Blue Zs, Zannies, Vs


Roofies, Rib, Rope, Date Rape Drug, Mexican Valium,Mind Eraser, Roaches, Roapies, Rophies


Gamma-


Hydroxybutyrate (Somatomax)


Ketamine


Hydrochloride (Ketajet)


REFERENCES


1. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/index.html. Published June 15, 2021. Accessed June 15, 2021. 2. TIAFT Guidelines. TIAFT. http://www.tiaft.org/tiaft-guidelines.html?setlang=en. Accessed June 15, 2021.


www.clr-online.com • MLO • CLR 2021-2022 11 GHB,


G-Caps Geebers, Fantasy,


Liquid Ecstasy


Special K, Lady Kay, Vitamin K, Cat Valium


<72 hours 5-10 ng/mL (GC-MS)


>7-27 µg/mL (highly variable)


0.5-5.0 µg/mL


Typical duration in urine aſter last dose


2 days


Common positive cutoff concentrations for urine screening assay*


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL


2 days 2 days


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL


2 days


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL


1-3 weeks <1 day


<1 day <1 day <1 day <1 day


Single use: Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days (up to 30 days)


Single use: Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL


10 mg/dL


5 mg/dL (GC) 5 mg/dL (GC) 5 mg/dL (GC) 5 mg/dL (GC)


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL 150 ng/mL


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL 150 ng/mL


Single use: Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days


Single use: Not detected Prolonged use: 5-14 days


Single use: Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days


Single use: Not detected Prolonged use: 5-7 days


72 hours


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL 150 ng/mL


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL 150 ng/mL


300 ng/mL 200 ng/mL 150 ng/mL


300-600 ng/mL


Toxic blood level Blood reference (therapeutic range)


>10 µg/mL 1-5 µg/mL


>5 µg/mL >25 µg/mL


1-2 µg/mL 3-25 µg/mL


>20 µg/mL


5-15 µg/mL


>40 µg/mL 80-400 mg/dL


>20 mg/dL >50 mg/dL >33 mg/dL >50 mg/dL


Drug plus Metabolite: >5.0 µg/mL


>2.0 µg/mL


10-40 µg/ml 100-150 mg/dL


(for treatment of toxic alcohols)


<0.15 mg/dL


None detected <1.0 mg/dL


None detected


Drug plus Metabolite: 0.1-1.0 µg/mL


0.2-1.4 µg/mL


>350 ng/mL


20-30 ng/mL


>80 ng/mL >5 µg/mL


20-70 ng/mL 0.7-1.0 µg/mL


0.3-0.6ng/mL


50-240 ng/mL


2 ng/mL


>50 ng/mL


5-15 ng/mL


12 hours


1-10 mg/L (GC; GC-MS)


>250 mg/L


48-125 mg/L (for narcolepsy)


SEDATIVES/HYPNOTICS/ANESTHETICS


ALCOHOLS, DIOLS, & METABOLITES


BARBITURATES


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