Turkish Cargo meets the 26

Covid challenge head-on Turkish Cargo’s senior vice president of cargo sales Cornelis Paul De Man, talks to FBJ editor, Chris Lewis.

• How did Turkish Cargo cope during the corona pandemic? Did it operate passenger aircraſt in freighter mode to cater for cancelled passenger flights? Did it step up the flying programme for its all-cargo aircraſt? • During this challenging period that has affected the whole world, Turkish Cargo has been adapting its activities to the new market dynamics so as to meet the needs of our customers as well as sector partners for an enhanced quality of service. Turkish

Cargo has been

operating its fleet more actively and beneficially during the pandemic. It has been benefiting from the belly cargo capacity of passenger aircraſt, while maintaining its operations to 95 direct cargo-only


Rooting out bad cargo packing

TT Club has been at the heart of a long-term campaign to increase awareness of good cargo packing practices. TT Club’s analyses consistently indicate that two thirds of cargo damage incidents are caused or exacerbated by poor packing practices. Investigations reveal inappropriate load distribution, inadequate cargo securing, improper classification or description of goods, inaccurate documentation and ineffective data transfer between the parties involved. Some incidents have sadly resulted in injuries and fatalities.

TT has a tradition of

responding to these incidents and of highlighting the dangers by speaking at industry events and publishing good practice advisories. These efforts have now been galvanised by the ‘Cargo Integrity Group’, a collaboration with four other international freight transport and cargo handling organisations, being the Container Owners Association, the Global Shippers Forum, the International Cargo Handling Co- ordination Association and the World Shipping Council.

The group plans to cooperate

on a range of activities to further the awareness, adoption and implementation of crucial safety practices throughout the global supply chain. Lower level incidents also

result in disruption, injury and considerable cost. Fires on board ships or container stack failures, vehicle rollovers, train derailments, internal cargo collapses or pest contamination can oſten be traced to poor packing. Extrapolating known figures, these incidents are estimated to cost the transport and logistics industry over US$6 billion annually. But most gallingly, the vast majority can be avoided by adopting established good practice.

Good practice defined

But what is ‘good practice’? The simple response is the CTU Code, the joint publication of the


International Maritime International

Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. This

destinations, making use of its 25 freighters. Thus, Turkish


operated more than 1,100 flights in August alone, performing

Doha, New York and Casablanca. We aim to maintain new and

investments add new destinations as to offer new

cargo operations to more than 50 destinations, in particular London, Moscow, Oslo, Shanghai, Bangkok,

destinations during the upcoming period. Being the fastest-growing air

non-mandatory global code of

practice for handling and packing shipping containers, and other cargo transport units, on sea and land, was approved in 2014. However, from a practical

perspective, the challenges facing the industry and more particularly a widespread use of, and adherence to the CTU Code are numerous and can be summarised as: • The expertise available in early

containerisation has increasingly become dissipated as many with hands-on experience have retired, combined with the exponential increase in global trade and the ease of packing far inland. • While much guidance has

been published, it was oſten in print form only and not widely distributed. The advent of easily accessible

internet and digital

options provides the opportunity and challenge to put good practice information directly in the hands of the packer. • The success of containerisation

has increased the range of commodities carried and created a need for continuing innovation in packing processes and the construction of units. So, the CTU Code sets out the

principles required for effective, safe and secure packing. The guidance applies throughout the entire intermodal supply chain and supports not only those

cargo brand in the world, Turkish Cargo owns one of the most notable air cargo fleets around the world, reaching 300 destinations in 127 countries by making use of our 361 aircraſt, 25 of which are freighters. • What effect did the covid crisis have on airfreight volumes and trading patterns? • During the pandemic, the global air cargo industry decreased by 3% in the first two months of 2020. But the big change occurred in March, when the global air cargo market suffered a shrinkage of 19% on a year-on-year basis in respect of cargo transported. Despite all challenges, Turkish Cargo increased its global market share to 5% and carried 1 of every 20 air cargo shipments transported

responsible for packing and securing cargo, but also those initiating a consignment through to those who receive and unpack the goods. However, running to 13 chapters

and 10 annexes, the CTU Code’s encyclopaedic approach is undeniably wordy and still cannot address all possible cargo types in a way that can readily be applied in practice.

Route map to the CTU Code

TT Club has, therefore, along with its

fellow partners in the

Cargo Integrity Group, compiled a Quick Guide to the CTU Code,

Issue 7 2020 - Freight Business Journal

worldwide. Despite the increasing

uncertainty resulting from the pandemic, the industry is moving towards normality. Recovery will be accelerated with the removal of the restrictions on air traffic and steps being taken for the remediation of world trade. • What is Turkish Cargo now trying to do to get back to normal? • Turkish Cargo aims to adapt rapidly to the new market dynamics. Meanwhile, we are expanding our flight network. In September, we added London Heathrow, Bangkok, Singapore and Beirut to our flight network. Bucharest and Lahore have also been added to the winter schedule. Turkish Cargo has increased its direct cargo destinations to 95. In the upcoming period, we will continue to enhance our overall service and increase network coverage to our customers, as Turkish Cargo strives to become one of the top five global air cargo brands in the world. • Has the move to the New Istanbul Airport been completed now? Any issues with the new hub or is

together with a Container Packing Checklist. The Quick Guide concentrates on creating a ‘route map’ to aid understanding and implementation of the Code, taking the user through the complex relationships typical in the freight supply chain. Using diagrams to clarify the process and icons to emphasise key do’s and don’ts, the condensed text follows the end-to-end cargo packing process, in much the same way as the Code itself, with appropriate references to the full Code. The complexity of supply

chains and global fragmentation of the industry globally make it hard to achieve material change in

Black market fuels lockdown cargo theſts

Over €85 million of products were stolen from supply chains in 46 countries in Europe, Middle East and Africa in the first half of 2020, despite Covid lockdowns, says the Transported Asset Protection Association (TAPA). While opportunist cargo

thieves almost certainly reduced their activity in the first six months of the year, TAPA says its intelligence indicates that many organised crime groups were ‘stealing to order’ given the number of losses of PPE and

other in-demand goods such as food, drink, cosmetics and hygiene products which were then sold on the black market. Overall, for the first 182 days of

2020, TAPA recorded 3,278 cargo theſt incidents with a total loss of €85m. The biggest single loss of

PPE were 2 million face masks and other equipment valued at €5m stolen from a warehouse in Santiago de Compostela in northwest Spain in April. Millions of respiratory masks


everything going smoothly? • Turkish Cargo is carrying out business processes and operations at Ataturk Airport, along with the new facility at Istanbul Airport. While continuing to maintain dual hub operations, we are planning to move into our SmartIST terminal, which is being constructed at Istanbul Airport and expected to be fully operational in 2021. Turkish Cargo’s new SmartIST facility will have a total area of 340,000sq m, and will be one of the largest terminals under a single roof around the world. It will be equipped with the latest IT developments and optimization, robotics automatic storage systems, an automated storage and retrieval system and a pallet container handling system and will accommodate special cargo services including perishables, live animals

and express/E-

commerce operational areas. Turkish Cargo is continuing to carry out sustainable innovative solutions for enhanced quality of service to meet the needs of our customers and sector partners.

behaviour and practice. The Cargo Integrity Group has deliberately sought

to connect with other

stakeholders, industry bodies and representative organisations, and governmental agencies, in order to gain their support and assistance. Most shippers do comply

with good practice and most shipments arrive at their intended destination without incident; it is the few that cause the issues, exposing everyone who comes in close contact with the offending shipment. The industry call to action is to spread the word and hold each counterparty to account for carrying out their actions diligently to improve safety.

were stolen from an airfreight facility in Kenya on 20 March, 680,000 face masks in the Czech Republic on 17 March and 500,000 face masks taken from a truck in France on 7 May. About 130,000 toilet rolls

also went missing from trailers in Walsall in the UK on 20 March. In fact, the UK recorded 56 cargo losses (€100,000 or more), the highest number in the reporting period and with a total loss of €27.6m. However, TAPA said this was largely due to the high level of support and intelligence it receives from UK law enforcement and that the UK crime rate is not significantly higher than in other countries.

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