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• This will involve initial research in order to determine where the ingredients originate, e.g.: • cinnamon – spice which comes from the inner bark of a tropical tree;


• baking powder – mixture of an alkali (bicarbonate of soda) and an acid (cream of tartar), plus another substance such as cornflour or rice flour to absorb the moisture.


• Questions for the other ingredients may include these: • Is it a plant? • Is it a fruit? • Is it grown in soil? • Is it an animal product? • Is it a compound product (made up of more than one ingredient)? • Is it manufactured (changed or processed) in any way?


• Together or in groups, ask the children to produce a flow chart that determines the classification of each of the products.


• It may be presented in the form of a simple flow chart that asks ‘yes’ and ‘no’ questions. • Question 1: ‘Is it a plant, or does it come from a plant?’


• If yes, then it could be any of the ingredients except eggs. • Question 2: ‘Is it an animal, or does it come from an animal?’


• Both are the product. • Question 3: ‘Is it a mixture of two or more products?’


• Eggs – no, margarine yes.


• If there are children who might struggle with this, they could think about the ingredients in pairs, and formulate a question for each pair of ingredients that which would give a ‘yes’ ‘no’ answer (so it would be a clear choice).


• The following is a very broad categorisation for each of the ingredients: • Carrots – plant; grown in soil; simple (only 1 product); not manufactured


• Sugar – plant; if derived from cane grown above ground; refined (goes through a manufacturing process)


• Margarine – compound product (made of more than one product) derived from a mixture of animal and plant products; refined (goes through a manufacturing process)


• Flour – plant origin; grown above soil; refined (goes through a manufacturing process); simple (only 1 product)


• Cinnamon – plant origin; grown above soil; refined (goes through a manufacturing process); simple (only 1 product)


• Baking powder – plant origin; compound product (made from more than one product); all derived from plants; refined (goes through a manufacturing process)


• Eggs – animal origin; simple (only 1 product)


• Sultanas – plant origin; simple (only 1 product); manufactured (goes through a process in which grapes are dried)


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