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ADVANCED MANUFACTURING NOW Modern Manufacturing Processes, Solutions & Strategies


Product innovation is on tap. So how fast can spigot flow?


T


he Fourth Industrial Revolution has begun, and there is wide agreement this revolution will


involve cyber-physical systems with human-machine interaction and lots of data. But many still wonder what the revolution is about and what to expect as consumers and manufacturers. Many of the key concepts have


existed for more than 30 years, but only recently have computer systems and IT infrastructure matured so they can support the volume and complexity of manufacturing data. The initial focus of these efforts centered on increasing the efficiency and productivity of existing processes to cut operation expenses. This approach led to speculation that we could save over $1 trillion by 2025. But the cost-savings model is lim-


ited. Firms will quickly achieve most of their savings by addressing obvious inefficiencies and then spend most of their time scraping out the last 25 percent. The savings will reach a point of diminishing returns, future improve- ment projects will be canceled and current processes will be locked in. Sustainable growth requires an


imperative that is unbounded and necessitates new companies and sec- tors. Manufacturing leaders generally agree the current computer-aided systems are legacy and need to be rethought. This will require significant investment, and without an adequate incentive it will never happen. This has been the reason the industry has been slow to mature compared with other industries. Unfortunately, cost savings are not an adequate incentive. The best choice is an innovation driver. Because there is unlimited op-


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portunity to create new products and services, product innovation will be the foundation of the revolution and lead to a rapid evolution of the industry. Current design and engineering


processes take far too long to real- ize. 3D printing has started people thinking of the boundless creativity that can be achieved in the physical world. 3D printing is not the ultimate answer either because products we use are composed of many compo- nents that are professionally designed and engineered to meet stringent requirements. These requirements are then turned into physical products by experts in design and engineering.


mented using sensors and analytics to understand where the error and deviation from plan occur so finished products can be produced correctly the first time. The second facet is a complete digital genealogy of the product from the design through the manufacturing processes with high-resolution data from sensors and equipment. This will let us understand how each design and engineering decision manifests itself in production. The product will also need to be instrumented to un- derstand how these decisions express themselves during the product life- cycle. The feedback loop will let firms


Product innovation is the foundation of the current industrial revolution. So the challenge is to cut to two weeks the time it takes to get from concept to product.


The challenge for the current in-


dustrial revolution: Cut to two weeks the time it takes to get from concept to product. This will enable rapid product evolution and creation. To achieve this feat, it will require


the industry to rethink how we manu- facture everything. New tools and technologies are


needed to expand design and engi- neering capabilities to a larger com- munity while maintaining the quality and safety necessary for proper fit and function. We also need increased manufacturing capacity located close to the consumer to reduce transit time and cost since products will be manu- factured on demand. The manufactur- ing processes will need to be instru-


develop analytics that will reduce the trial-and-error processes required to manufacture quality products. This will require manufacturers to adopt and operationalize enterprise wide “connected assets,” predictive analytics, and solutions for advanced materials. A manufacturing revolution that


embraces change and innovation will provide the boundless growth we have seen in other industries and cre- ate manufacturing firms that will rival the technology giants. By opening up the creativity of the world community to produce and design new products, we will have a new generation of products that will change the way we interact with the physical world.


William Sobel


Chief Strategy Officer, System Insights


Fall 2016


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