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The rising importance
of dangerous goods air
This article is a summarized translation
of an article by Jiang Ming Sheng, based
on a recent conference on dangerous
goods transportation organized by
China Eastern Airlines and Worldwide
Logistics Group, a dangerous goods
transportation specialist.
s the high-tech and heavy chemical industries devel- DGR regulations, which gives flexible policies to credible enter-
op, the quantity of dangerous goods and need for prises in chemical reports, packaging certification, and related
transportation is increasing in turn. Currently, there approvals. The airline also helps coordinate with the Health In-
are many airlines engaged in dangerous goods’ air spection and Quarantine Bureau and the Environmental Protection
transportation. With the increase in airline capacity Bureau.
and the improvement in the quality of shippers, dangerous goods A clear system of laws and regulations is the key to dangerous
cargo could see an annual growth rate of 30%. goods air transport. On the first level, strict compliance with the
Air transport has benefits and risks: speeds increase, but se- Convention on International Civil Aviation requirements enables
curity issues intensify. Indeed, danger- airlines to better comply with interna-
ous goods have played a role in many tional standards and improve their ser-
plane crashes. One of the main rea- vice levels and risk control. The sec-
sons is that that the dangerous goods ond level is state laws and regulations.
manufacturers or their agents were The third level is the business standard
not familiar with air cargo regulations and governmental regulations of dan-
and processes. They also deliberately gerous goods transport, which were
misrepresented dangerous goods. developed by the Transport Bureau
Therefore, the National Aviation Bureau and the Civil Aviation Authority. Airlines
and airlines are implementing strict must strengthen the supervision of
management of dangerous goods to dangerous goods, actively train per-
prevent further aviation accidents. sonnel, and control every aspect of
China Eastern Airlines has discov- transportation.
ered this problem in their daily trans- Li Jing, the director of the danger-
port operations. They found that even ous goods laboratory of the National
though air transport of dangerous Quality Supervision Center, has said
goods has a solid legal system, mature that the outer packaging of danger-
transport conditions and low transportation costs, most goods ous goods could effectively reduce the leaking risk of dangerous
manufacturers and their agents are unaware of the dangers. To goods if their inner packaging is damaged. Right now the require-
remedy this situation, China Eastern Airlines organized a seminar ments for packaging are different, depending on the category of
to provide information on the legal system, relevant regulations, the dangerous goods.
transport conditions, and process of moving dangerous goods. The security and stable development of dangerous goods’ air
As early as 1988, China Eastern provided dangerous goods air transportation requires a joint effort from airlines, management
freight on international routes in accordance with International Air authorities, freight agents, and producers. If the manufacturers
Transport Association regulations. The transportation coverage lack professional knowledge on dangerous goods, freight agents
of the company has now reached to North America, Europe, Asia, must rely on their expertise and ability to help manufacturing en-
Southeast Asia and other regions. terprises to complete the safe air transport of dangerous goods.
Jin Wen Yue pointed out that China Eastern Airline follows IATA Safety should be the primary goal for all parties involved.
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