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Passion Islam I August 2009 SPECIAL FEATURE I 19
on all sides, with piety, reverence and seventy obligatory duties in the other the rush was so great that the whole
cleanliness. The Prophet (Sallallaahu days of the year. It is the month of of the Mosque was filled until the
Alayhi Wasallam) has said, ‘When any patient perseverance and the reward prophet came for the Fajr prayers.
of you keeps a fast he should not utter on patient perseverance is Paradise, After he had completed it he turned
a filthy or indecent word or engage in and it is the month of Compassion.’ towards the people and said, ‘I was
a noisy scene, and were anyone to (Baihaqi) not unaware of your presence (in
quarrel with him and call him names It is related by Zayd ibn Khalid al- the mosque last night) but I feared
he should simply say, ‘I am keeping Johhani (Radhiallaahu Anhu) that the that the service (Taraweeh) might
fast’. (Ibid). On another occasion, he Prophet once remarked, ‘He who will be made obligatory and then you got
said, ‘God has no need for him to go invite a person who is fasting to break tired of it.’ Then the death occurred of
without food and drink who cannot the fast with him will get the same the Prophet and the position remained
shun evil and falsehood even during reward as the one who was fasting the same.’ (Bukhari)
a fast.’ (Ibid) and there will be no reduction in the After the passing away of
A fast which is devoid of the spirit of reward of the latter either.’ (Tirmidhi) the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi
piety and purity is like a body without God has also blessed the Muslim Wasallam), the holy Companions
a soul. The Prophet, again, is reported Millat with the prudence and anxiety conducted themselves similarly and
to have said, ‘Many are there among to preserve the tradition of Taraweeh. so enthusiastically did the Muslims
you who fast and yet again nothing The celebration of the prayer- everywhere keep up the tradition of
from it except hunger and thirst, and service of Taraweeh dates back Taraweeh that it came to be regarded
many are there who pray (throughout from the time of the holy Prophet as a sign and symbol of Ahlus-
the night) and yet gain nothing from it (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) but Sunnah and a mark of devoutness. In
except wakefulness.’ (Ibid) he had abandoned it after offering addition, the institution of Taraweeh
It is related by Hadhrat Abu it up for three days lest it was made had proved extremely helpful in the
Hurayra (Radhiallaahu Anhu) that compulsory for Muslims and became learning of the whole of the Qur’aan
the holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi a burden to them. It is related by ibn by heart. More and more people were
Wasallam) once said, ‘Fasting is a Shihaad that he had heard it from drawn to it, and the Qur’aan came to
shield until it is ripped.’ Urwah (Radhiallaahu Anhu) who, in be preserved in many a breast.
Fasting in Islam does not merely his turn, had heard it from Hadhrat Another priceless advantage is
denote certain negative acts like Aaisha (Radhiallaahu Anha), that that a large section of the community
the shunning of food and drink ‘once the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi is thus enabled to devote itself
and abstaining from falsehood and Wasallam) went out in the night (after to nightly worship in the blessed
backbiting and from wrangling and the Isha prayers) and offered Salaat in month of Ramadhaan. Ramadhaan
uttering a foul or profane word but it also the mosque and some other persons is a festival of worship, a season
includes a number of positive deds, also joined him in it. of Tilaawat and springtime for the
such as, prayer, Dhikr, compassion When the morning came people devout. The religious fervour of the
and charity. The Prophet (Sallallaahu began to talk about it and a crowd Muslim Millat, its genuine, solid and
Alayhi Wasallam) has said, ‘If in it (i.e., collected. On the next day when he unshakeable attachment to faith and
the month of Ramadhaan) a person will offered the prayer they all offered it up enthusiasm for worship acquired
seek the propitiation of God by doing with him and it was again talked about a new warmth and sublimity in it.
anything it will be treated as equal (in on the following morning. On the third During this hallowed month the urge
recompense) to the fulfillment of an night the number of the devotees for excelling others in prayerfulness,
obligatory duty in the other days of the was even greater. The Prophet piety, warmheartedness, charity, good
year and if he will fulfil an obligatory (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) came doing and repentance is at the peak
duty in it, it will be treated as equal out and offered up the prayer with among the Muslims.
(in recompense) to the fulfillment of them. When the fourth night came passionislam.com
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