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22 I SPECIAL FEATURE Passion Islam I June 2009
Lets call it Fate
Belief in Taqdeer (Fate) is a principle is a test warrants that the subjects conclusive records).” ( 13:39)
article of the Islamic faith. This is being tested possess free-will or else Commenting on the above verse
often a misunderstood concept giving there would be no meaning to such Mujahid said, “During Laylatul-Qadr
rise to many unanswered questions a test. (night of the Decrees), Allah decided
such as: With the above in mind the what provisions and disasters will
If destiny has already decreed the concept of destiny may further be occur in the next year. He then brings
final abode of a person then to what explained by understanding destiny forward or back (or blots out) whatever
avail are his deeds or his supplications to be Allah’s knowledge of how the He wills.” (Ibn Katheer)
to Allah? individual is going to use his free-will Scholars derive from the above
Many narrations refer to certain rather than a pre-decided factor being that destiny is of two types:
actions as a cause of increase in ones enforced upon him without giving him
wealth, lifespan and also a means a fair chance. Consider the following Muallaq (revocable)
of averting calamities. For example example: An appointment is arranged This destiny is written on ‘The
Thawban reports that the Messenger between two individuals. The first Preserved Tablet’ (al Lawh al
of Allah said, “Verily a man is deprived arrives before time and waits for the Mahfoodh), and is subject to change
of a provision (that was written for him) second; he then comments that the and alteration through the omission
because of a sin that he commits; second will arrive late as always. or commission of certain deeds. For
only supplication changes destiny; He bases his prediction on previous example: the lifespan of a person is
and only righteousness can increase experience and the lax nature of the originally 50 years, but may increase
the life span.” (Nasai, Ibn Majah) How second individual. This statement to 60 years if he performs the ritual of
may this be when everything has does not restrict or bound the latter’s Hajj, or a certain calamity is to befall
been preordained through destiny? ability to attend on time in any way, him unless he averts it by spending in
I shall attempt to explain the it is merely an assertion. Similarly, charity. This is the destiny refereed to
concept of Taqdeer in a simple and when Allah the Almighty informs us, in the aforementioned narration.
categorical manner. through his infinite knowledge, of his
Firstly, the purpose of mankind’s knowledge of our precise actions and Mubram (irrevocable)
creation is that we worship Allah the our consequent abode it should not be This destiny denotes the eternal
Almighty and we show obedience to perceived to be a compelling decision knowledge of Allah. It encompasses
Him. Allah states in the Holy Qur’an, against our free will, but rather only the final result of the Muallaq destiny
“I created the Jinn and humankind his knowledge of our decisions. i.e. our choice of actions, their
only that they might worship me.” To summarise, every individual consequences and every precise
(51:56) has been given free-will and should detail of our lives. This definite
Secondly, this world serves as a use it to work towards attaining the knowledge of Allah is not subject to
test of our obedience towards our pleasure of Allah and that Allah has change or alter even slightly and is
creator and so that He may reward full knowledge of the individual’s exclusive to Allah only.
us in the next world accordingly. Allah actions; past, present and future. In the light of the above the
states in the Holy Qur’an, “Verily we With regards to the second following may be derived:
created man from a drop of mingled misconception, the possibility of Our supplications do change
sperm, in order to try him: so we gave increase in ones wealth, lifespan and destiny and are of much avail.
him (the gifts), of hearing and sight. aversion of calamities despite destiny Good deeds are a source of increase
We showed him the way: whether he being pre-ordained, Allah says, “Allah in ones sustenance, and avert
be grateful or ungrateful (rests on his blots out what he wills and conforms calamities. Sins result in a decrease
will).” (76:2-3) (what he wills): and with Him is the in ones sustenance, and invite
Thirdly, the notion that this world mother of the book (i.e. book of calamities.
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